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Further information on UA 58/91 (ASA 25/02/91, 18 February) - South Korea: Union leaders arrested and (new concern) death of prisoner of conscience: Park Chang-soo, Lee Eun-ku, Chung Yoon-kwang, Lee Chul-kyu, Son Jong-kyu, Yoon Myung-won, Hong Young-pyo

, N° d'index: ASA 25/013/1991

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 25/13/91
Distr: UA/SC
8 May 1991
Further information on UA 58/91 (ASA 25/02/91, 18 February 1991) - Union Leaders
Arrested and (new concern) Death of Prisoner of Conscience
LEE Eun-ku
CHUNG Yoon-kwang
LEE Chul-kyu
SON Jong-kyu
YOON Myung-won
HONG Young-pyo
On Monday 6 May prisoner of conscience Park Chang-soo died after reportedly
jumping from the window of Anyang Hospital. Park Chang-soo was one of seven
union leaders arrested on 9 February and charged under the Labour Dispute
Mediation Law which prohibits third party interference in labour disputes.
The seven were adopted as prisoners of conscience.
Park Chang-soo is reported to have jumped from the window of Anyang Hospital
in order to protest against the death of a 20-year-old student, Kang Kyung-dae,
who was reportly beaten to death with iron rods by riot police during a student
demonstration on 26 April. Five riot policemen belonging to the Paegoldan
(Skeleton Corps) have been arrested and charged with the murder of Kang
Kyung-dae. President Roh Tae-woo has made a public apology for the incident
and replaced the Minister of Home Affairs. There have been numerous
demonstrations protesting against the death of Kang Kyung-dae during which
two students and one ex-student burnt themselves to death. One other student
is in hospital after setting herself alight.
Park Chang-soo was apparently in Anyang Hospital at the time. He had been
transferred to the hospital from prison because of head injuries he had sustained
during a prison football match. He is also reported to have gone on on
hunger-strike in protest at Kang Kyung-dae's death. According to press reports,
on the morning of 6 April he had asked to leave the room to go to the toilet
and shortly afterwards his body was found in the hospital yard.
Amnesty International does not have any more information about the death
of Park Chang-soo. Dissident groups and trade unionists are reported as having
suggested that there may have been suspicious circumstances surrounding his
death and they would not let the police remove his body
page 2 of FU 58/91
from the hospital mortuary for post-mortem examination in case they "fabricated"
the cause of death. Several hundred protesters guarded the body and on 7 May
riot police broke through into the hospital mortuary and seized the body which
they said would be taken away for post mortem examination. Following this there
was a struggle between protesters and the police during which about 100 people
were arrested. Park Chang-soo's mother and his widow were reported to have
been dragged away by riot police.
Amnesty International has no further information about the other six
prisoners named on the original UA 58/91.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters (no more
than 20 per section)
- expressing deep regret at the death of Park Chang-soo who had been adopted
by Amnesty International as a prisoner of conscience;
- saying that in view of the conflicting reports about the death of Park Chang-soo
the government should conduct a full and impartial investigation into his death
and make its findings publicly available.
Mr Lee Jong-nam
Minister of Justice
Ministryof Justice
1 Chungang-dong
Kyonggi Province
Republic of Korea
Telexes: 24757 MOJUST K
Faxes: + 82 2 504 3337
Mr Lee Sahng-yeon
Minister of Home Affairs
Ministry of Home Affairs
77 Sejong-no
Republic of Korea
Telexes: 24756 NEMUBU K
Faxes: + 82 2 731 2126
+ 82 2 731 2836
COPIES TO: Diplomatic representatives of the Republic of Korea in your
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat
or your section office if sending appeals after 19 June 1991.

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