• Campagnes

UA 403/92 - Indonesia / East Timor: legal concern / fear of torture: arrested in Manatuto: Apisa, Candido, Eduardo, Felipe, Geraldo, Joao, Joao Faria, Kancio, Manuel Constancio, Manuel de Costa, Mario Santa, Serilo, Tomas de Rosario Cabral, Vicente, Vitor

, N° d'index: ASA 21/025/1992

The 25 people named above are reported to be among at least 60 people arrested in East Timor since early November 1992. They were reportedly arrested in Manatuto and Same districts and in East Timor's capital Dili. They are believed to be detained in military detention centres in Baucau, Same and Dili but their precise whereabouts are not known. Human rights violations have accompanied a recent crackdown by Indonesian security forces, which coincides with the anniversary of the November 1991 Santa Cruz killings and with the capture of the East Timorese resistance leader, Xanana Gusmao, on 20 November 1992. AI fears that those named above could be at risk of torture or ill-treatment in incommunicado detention.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: 21/25/92
Distr: UA/SC
UA 403/92 Legal concern/Fear of torture 18 December 1992
Arrested in Manatuto:
Apisa (35), policeman, arrested 15 November
Candido (29), Head of Agriculture Office, Manatuto, arrested 14 November
Eduardo (30), businessman, arrested 14 November
Felipe (30), hospital administrator, Manatuto, arrested 14 November
Geraldo (28), businessman, arrested 14 November
João (45), village head of Kai Rui, arrested 13 November
João Faria (30), civil servant, arrested 14 November
Kancio (50), businessman, arrested 15 November
Manuel Constancio (27), civil servant, arrested 13 November
Manuel de Costa (45), civil servant, arrested 14 November
Mario Santa (33), civil servant, arrested 14 November
Serilo (27), civil servant, arrested 15 November
Tomas de Rosario Cabral (25), civil servant, arrested 5 December
Vicente (50), nurse, Manatuto hospital, arrested 14 November
Vitor (50), nurse, Manatuto hospital, arrested 11 November
Arrested in Dili:
Arnaldo Borges (17) arrested October
Constancio Guterres (37), Armed Forces member, arrested 22 November
Leandro Isaac (45) and
Manuel Isaac (42), brothers, civil servants, arrested 22 November
Manuel Mercario (47), nurse, arrested 22 November
Maria Lourdes Alves Araujo (female), (36) and her husband
Octavio Jordão de Araujo (42), arrested 18 December
Arrested in Same:
Elsa (female), arrested 15 November
Graciana (female), arrested 15 November
Luis, arrested 15 November
Amnesty International is urgently concerned for the safety of the 25 people named above.
Those arrested are among at least 60, and possibly many more, people arrested in East Timor
since early November 1992. The 25 were reportedly arrested in Manatuto and Same districts
and in East Timor's capital, Dili. The precise whereabouts of the 25 are not known, but
they are believed to be detained in military detention centres in the towns of Baucau,
Same and Dili. Those arrested are at risk of torture and ill-treatment by the Indonesian
security forces. There have also been unconfirmed reports that 17 relatives of Constancio
Pinto, an East Timorese activist now living in Portugal, were arrested on 25 November 1992
in Dili and there are fears they too may be at risk of torture.
Serious human rights violations, including arbitrary arrest, torture, "disappearance" and
possible extrajudicial execution, have accompanied a recent crackdown by Indonesian forces
in East Timor. The increased repression has coincided with the anniversary of the November
1991 Santa Cruz massacre and the 20 November capture of Xanana Gusmão, leader of the East
Timorese resistance movement (see UA 366/92, ASA 21/17/92 of 23 November 1992 and UA 367/92,
ASA 21/18/92 of 23 November 1992 and follow ups). The crackdown has been particularly severe
in Manatuto, Xanana's home district, in Dili and in the districts of Lospalos, and Viqueque.
Hundreds of people were reportedly rounded up in mid-November and dozens are thought to
remain in detention, most of them held incommunicado. At least one of those arrested after
Xanana's capture is feared to have died as a result of torture. In December,
Page 2 of UA 403/92
residents of East Timor appealed to Amnesty International to publish the names of those
arrested in order to protect them and their families from further human rights violations
by the Indonesian security forces.
Indonesian forces invaded East Timor in 1975 in the aftermath of Portugal's withdrawal
from its former colony. Since that time Amnesty International has continued to document
serious human rights violations by Indonesian security forces in the territory, including
extrajudicial execution, torture and ill-treatment, "disappearance" and political
In November 1991 more than 100 people were killed, and many others "disappeared", after
Indonesian soldiers opened fire on a peaceful procession at the Santa Cruz cemetery in
Dili. The human rights situation has not improved in the year since the massacre. Hundreds
of people have been subjected to death threats, beatings and arbitrary arrest and at least
13 East Timorese have been sentenced, at unfair trials, to long terms of imprisonment after
being accused of organizing the Santa Cruz procession and other peaceful protest marches.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters
either in English or in your own language:
- expressing concern for the safety of the 25 people named above arrested between October
and December 1992 in East Timor and seeking clarification of their whereabouts;
- urging that representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC),
lawyers, relatives and doctors be granted immediate an unconditional access to their place
of detention;
- seeking assurances that all the detainees will be accompanied by a lawyer of their own
choice while being interrogated, as required by Indonesian law;
- urging the government to release immediately and unconditionally all those detained solely
for their peaceful political views or activities.
1. Brig Gen Theo Syafei
Markas Besar KOLAKOPS/KOREM 164
Dili, East Timor
Telegrams: Brig Gen Syafei, Dili, East
Timor, Indonesia
Salutation: Dear Brig Gen Syafei
2. Maj Gen Suwardi
Markas Besar, KODAM IX/Udayana,
Bali, Indonesia
Telegrams: Maj Gen Suwardi, Kodam IX,
Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Salutation: Dear Maj Gen Suwardi
3. General Try Sutrisno
Commander of the Armed Forces
Markas Besar ABRI
Cilangkap, East Jakarta
Telegrams: Gen Try Sutrisno, Markas Besar
ABRI, Jakarta, Indonesia
Faxes:+ 62 21 36 1471
(Armed Forces HQ);
+ 62 21 37 8144 (Army HQ);
+ 62 21 35 6404
Salutation: Dear General Try
4. Ali Alatas
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Kementerian Luar Negeri
Jl. Taman Pejambon 6
Telegrams: Minister Foreign Affairs,
Jakarta, Indonesia
Faxes: + 62 21 36 7781
+ 62 21 36 7782
Salutation: Dear Minister Alatas
Indonesian Legal Aid Foundation (LBH)
Jl. Diponegoro 74
Jakarta 10320
and to diplomatic representatives of Indonesia accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 29 January 1993.

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