• Campagnes

Further information on UA 377/91 (ASA 17/66/91, 8 November and follow-ups ASA 17/04/92, 8 January, ASA 17/29/92, 9 April, ASA 17/52/92, 11 September, ASA 17/19/93, 14 May) - People's Republic of China: medical concern / legal concern / torture: Liu Gang

, N° d'index: ASA 17/045/1993

Prison authorities have forbidden Liu Gang's family from visiting him for at least one year. His sister, Liu Ming, reportedly sustained an injury in a scuffle with a prison guard when she tried to insist upon seeing him. No reason has been given for the decision. AI is concerned about allegations that Liu Gang and those arrested with him have been tortured in detention and that he is in bad health and being kept in appalling conditions.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 17/45/93
Distr: UA/SC
23 December 1993
Further information on UA 377/91 (ASA 17/66/91, 8 November 1991) - and
follow-up(s): ASA 17/04/92, 8 January 1992, ASA 17/29/92, 9 April 1992, ASA
17/52/92, 11 September 1992, ASA 17/19/93, 14 May 1993 - Medical/Legal
Concern/Torture
PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA:Liu Gang
Prison authorities have reportedly forbidden Liu Gang's family from visiting
him for at least one year. Liu Gang's father, Liu Guichun, and his sister,
Liu Ming, were informed of this decision during a recent visit to the prison
in north-east China, where Liu Gang, the 32-year-old former student leader,
is serving a six-year sentence. They were apparently given no reason for the
decision. Liu Ming reportedly sustained an injury to her head in a scuffle
with a prison guard as she tried to insist on seeing her brother. The family,
who live in Jilin Province in north-east China, travelled to Beijing in the
first week of December to report the incident to the Justice Ministry and to
call for action.
Amnesty International is concerned that Liu Gang's family have been denied
the right to visit him in prison, particularly in view of reports that Liu
Gang has been repeatedly ill-treated at the prison since 1991. It is also
concerned that his sister was injured by a prison official as she insisted
on seeing her brother. Liu Ming is particularly concerned that she will no
longer be able to monitor her brother's state of health.
For the past two years there have been repeated allegations that Liu Gang and
other political prisoners held in Lingyuan No.2 Labour-Reform Detachment in
Liaoning Province have been subjected to torture and other forms of
ill-treatment since their arrival. In August 1993, Amnesty International
published a document entitled "Appeal for Liu Gang" (AI Index: 17/34/93), which
describes Liu Gang's own account of the appalling living conditions in prison
and the brutal ill-treatment he has suffered.
Since the publication outside China in Spring 1993, of Liu Gang's account of
his situation, the authorities in Beijing have denied that he was tortured
and in bad health. In one report by the official English-language magazine
Beijing Review, published in late August 1993, Liu Gang's claims that he was
ill-treated were refuted with the statements of prison officials and the
magazine concluded that there was no evidence that he was ill-treated.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and
airmail letters in English or your own language:
- expressing concern that prison authorities have denied Liu Gang's family
the right to visit him in prison in accordance with the United Nations Standard
Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, and urging them to reverse this
decision;
- urging the authorities to release Liu Gang immediately and unconditionally
and to ensure that he receives all appropriate medical care;
- expressing concern that no action appears to have been taken by the authorities
2
to investigate previous allegations of ill-treatment of prisoners in Lingyuan,
or to ensure the prisoners' safety and take other appropriate measures, such
as the suspension from duty of all officers alleged to have either ordered,
used or acquiesced to the use of torture;
- urging the authorities to take such measures without delay, particularly
to ensure prisoners' safety, and to launch an impartial investigation by an
independent authority into the allegations of torture and ill-treatment at
Lingyuan, the results of which should be made public.
APPEALS TO:
Minister of Justice of the People's Republic of China
XIAO Yang Buzhang
Sifabu
Xiaguangli
Beijingshi 100016
People's Republic of China
Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN or 22478 MFERT CN
(Please forward to Xiao Yang Buzhang)
Faxes: + 861 467 7351 (Previously + 86 1 408 1046)
Telegram: Minister of Justice Xiao Yang, Beijing, China
Salutation: Your Excellency
Procurator-General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate of the People's
Republic of China
ZHANG Siqing Jianchazhang
Zuigao Renmin Jianchayuan
147 Beiheyan Dajie
Donganmen, Dongchengqu
Beijingshi 100726
People's Republic of China
Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN or 22478 MFERT CN
(Please forward to Zhang Siqing Jianchazhang)
Faxes: + 861 512 6655 ext.1053
Telegram: Procurator-General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate Zhang
Siqing, Beijing, China
Salutation: Dear Procurator-General
Governor of the Liaoning Provincial People's Government
YUE Qifeng Shengzhang
Liaoningsheng Renmin Zhengfu
45 Huangguqu, Beiling Dajie
Shenyangshi 110032
Liaoningsheng
People's Republic of China
Telexes: 80039 LFAO CN or 80040 SYFAO CN
(Please forward to Yue Qifeng Shengzhang)
Telegram: Governor Yue Qifeng, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China
Salutation: Dear Governor
Director of Lingyuan No.2 Labour Reform Detachment
Jianyuzhang
Liaoning Di Er Laogai Zhidui
Jiaodao Dadui
Lingyuan Qiche Zongzhuangchang
3
Lingyuanxian
Liaoningsheng
People's Republic of China
Telegram: Prison Director, Lingyuan No. 2 Labour Reform Detachment, Lingyuan
county, Liaoning Province, China
Salutation: Dear Director
and to diplomatic representatives of China accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat
or your section office if sending appeals after 3rd February 1994.

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