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UA 65/92 - People's Republic of China: medical concern / prisoner of conscience: Li Guiren

, N° d'index: ASA 17/021/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 17/21/92
Distr: UA/SC
UA 65/92 Medical Concern / Prisoner of Conscience 21 February 1992
Li Guiren, a prisoner of conscience, is reportedly seriously ill in prison in Shaanxi
province. Li Guiren was reportedly sentenced to five years' imprisonment by a court in
Xi'an, Shaanxi Province in March 1991 for activities relating to the pro-democracy protests
in June 1989. In August 1991 Li Guiren was transferred from a detention centre in Xi'an,
capital of Shaanxi province, to the No 1 Fuping County Prison in Shaanxi.
Li Guiren first complained of severe stomach pain in November 1991 and since then his health
has deteriorated rapidly. He had been denied access to visitor in October and most of November
1991. Family and friends have requested that he be sent to hospital for treatment for liver
ailments, possibly hepatitis, and periodontal disease. These requests were turned down
by the governor of Shaanxi Province and there has reportedly been no proper medical diagnosis
of Li Guiren's illness by prison medical personnel.
Amnesty International is concerned that at the time of his arrest Li Guiren was already
suffering from chronic back and liver ailments and reports suggest that the conditions
in some prisons in China have led to ill-health amongst prisoners. Li Guiren is said to
need special food because of his periodontal disease.
Li Guiren, aged 49, was editor-in-chief of the Hua Yue Literature and Art Publishing House
in Shaanxi Province. He was arrested from his home on 26 June 1989 by plainclothes officers
of the Xi'an Public Security Bureau.
Li Guiren was charged with "counter-revolutionary propaganda and incitement" and his trial
was held on 1 March 1990 at the Xi'an Intermediate People's Court. Li Guiren was given
access to a state-appointed lawyer and his wife was allowed to attend the trial. At his
trial, Li maintained his innocence against all charges. He argued that his activities
were within his rights as established under the Constitution and therefore were completely
A year later in March 1991 the sentence was announced.
According to reliable sources, Li's arrest was linked to a number of activities he undertook
in 1989. In early 1989, Li Guiren wrote and published a preface to a collection of essays
by the Chinese dissident writer Liu Binyan who is now in exile. On 18 and 19 May 1989,
Li participated in large demonstrations in support of students and workers in Xi'an.
Immediately after martial law was declared in Beijing on 20 May, Li sent a telegram to
the former Party General Secretary Zhao Ziyang urging Zhao that the People's Liberation
Army (PLA) should not be used against demonstrators. Li posted a copy of this telegram
on a wall of the Hua Yue building. He also reportedly urged employees of the Hua Yue
Literature and Art Publishing House to sign a petition and to strike in protest against
the crackdown by the authorities in June 1989.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters:
- expressing concern at recent reports about Li Guiren's ill-health. Urging that a proper
and independent diagnosis be made and that he be offered all necessary medical care
appropriate to his state of health as provided for in the United Nations Standard Minimum
Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners.
- expressing concern that Li Guiren is being held for the peaceful exercise of his right
to freedom of association and expression and urge that he be released quickly and
page 2 of UA 65/92
1) Governor of Shaanxi Province:
BAI Qingcai Shengzhang
Shaaanxisheng Renmin Zhengfu
Xixin Jie, 710004
People's Republic of China
Telegrams: Governor Bai Shaanxi Province,
Xi'an, China
Salutation: Dear Governor
2) Premier of the People's Republic of China:
LI Peng Zongli
9 Xihuangchenggenbeijie
Beijingshi 100032
People's Republic of China
Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN or 22478 MFERT
Faxes: + 86 1 512 5810
Salutation: Your Excellency
3) Procurator General of the People's
Republic of China:
LIU Fuzhi Jianchazhang
Zuigao Renmin Jianchayuan
People's Republic of China
Telegrams: Procurator General Liu,
Beijing, China
Faxes: + 86 1 512 1158
Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN or 22478 MFERT
(Please forward to LIU Fuzhi
Salutation: Dear Procurator
4) Minister of Justice:
CAI Cheng Buzhang
Beijingshi 100016
People's Republic of China
Telegrams: Minister of Justice Cai,
Beijing, China
Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN or 22478 MFERT
(Please forward to Cai Cheng
Faxes: + 86 1 408 1046
Salutation: Your Excellency
5) Governor of Fuping Number One Prison:
Fuping Xi'an Di Yi Jianyu
Fuping Xi'an
People's Republic of China
Telegrams: Governor, Fuping Number One
Prison, Fuping Xi'an, China
Salutation: Dear Governor
Editor, Shaanxi Daily
Zhang Guang Zhongbianji
Shaanxi Ribao
1 Dongduan Huangchengnanlu
People's Republic of China
and to the diplomatic representatives of China in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat or your section
office, if sending appeals after 24 February 1992.

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