EXTERNAL AI Index: ASA 16/28/96
18 June 1996
Further information on EXTRA 73/96 (ASA 16/14/96, 21 May 1996) and follow-ups
(ASA 16/16/96, 22 May; ASA 16/19/96, 24 May; ASA 16/22/96, 29 May; ASA 16/26/96,
7 June) - Fear of torture / Legal concern
MYANMAR156 detainees released, at least 35 detained
and new arrests: U Khin Maung Thaung, a Mandalay Division NLD leader
U Kyi Aung, engineer from Sagaing town
U Tin Maung Aye, merchant from Mandalay
U Kyaw Htway, engineer and teacher
U Kyaw Thaung, NLD division leader from Sagaing
U Pwar, engineer from Mandalay
U Aung Kyi, engineer from Mandalay
Maung San Hlaing, also known as Tin Hlaing and Eva
As the crackdown against political opposition in Myanmar continues, Amnesty
International has learned of the arrests of eight more people, apparently for
their peaceful opposition activities. The organization fears for their safety
in detention as ill-treatment is commonplace in Myanmar.
U Khin Maung Thaung, U Kyi Aung, U Tin Maung Aye and U Kyaw Htway were all
taken to a court hearing on 5 June 1996. However, they have not yet been charged,
although they are scheduled to appear in court on 19 June. Their dates of
arrest and places of detention are unknown. According to unofficial sources,
they were arrested for possessing a critique of the National Convention by
the Burma Lawyers' Council, which is an expatriate opposition group. (The
National Convention is a group, convened and controlled by the military, whose
aim is to agree the principles of a new constitution).
U Kyaw Thaung, U Pwar and U Aung Kyi were taken to a court hearing on 10 June,
but were not charged at that time. They are also scheduled for a second hearing
on 19 June, and their dates of arrest and places of detention are also unknown.
They were apparently arrested for possessing "political" letters and material
from "illegal organizations".
Maung San Hlaing, also known as Tin Hlaing or Eva, was arrested on the evening
of 13 June in Yangon (Rangoon, the capital). For the first time in 20 days,
he had left the home compound of NLD leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, where he
had been staying. He drove to Kamayut Market, parked his car, and as he crossed
the street, he was pursued by five people who took him into custody. He has
not been heard from since that time. Apparently on 14 and 15 June officers
from Military Intelligence Unit 12 searched his family's home and confiscated
videotapes and photos. Maung San Hlaing, a 27-year-old Muslim, had been arrested
previously, although Amnesty International has no further details. He was acting
as a bodyguard for Daw Aung San Suu Kyi at the time of this latest arrest.
The 27 people named in the EXTRA Update of 7 June are believed to still be
held in Insein Prison. Some 156 NLD activists have now been released, but
information about others who were arrested in the government crackdown on the
opposition in late May is still not available. Amnesty International remains
concerned about their whereabouts.
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and NLD colleagues held public gatherings in front of
her house on the weekends of 8-9 and 15-16 June with no interference from the