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Further information on UA 293/94 (ASA 16/11/94, 10 August and follow-up ASA 16/13/94, 19 August) - Myanmar (Burma): fear of torture: Khin Maung Swe, Daw San San Nwe, U Sein Hla Oo, Dr Htun Myat Aye and new name: Ma Myat Mo Mo Tun, daughter of Daw San San

, N° d'index: ASA 16/015/1994

A state controlled newspaper has confirmed that the above-named were arrested with Khin Zaw Win as part of a political group. The are accused of having passed information critical of the government of Myanmar to foreign journalists and diplomats and of exchanging information with a member of an armed opposition group. They are also alleged to have "made arrangements for sending fabricated news on Myanmar" to the UN Special Rapporteur during his visit in December 1993. The report states that legal action is to be taken against them. AI fears that these charges may be politically motivated. AI remains concerned about the arrest of Dr Htun Myat Aye, the reason for whose arrest is still not known. The whereabouts of the above-named are not known.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 16/15/94
Distr: UA/SC
30 August 1994
Further information on UA 293/94 (ASA 16/11/94, 10 August 1994) - and follow-up
(ASA 16/13/94, 19 August) - Fear of Torture
MYANMARKhin Maung Swe, 52, opposition politician
Daw San San Nwe (f), writer
U Sein Hla Oo, 58, journalist, editor and opposition politician
Dr Htun Myat Aye, dentist
new name: Ma Myat Mo Mo Tun (f), daughter of Daw San San Nwe
On 23 August 1994, a report in the state-controlled newspaper, The New Light
of Myanmar, confirmed the arrest of Khin Maung Swe, Daw San San Nwe, U Sein
Hla Oo, and Ma Myat Mo Mo Tun, the daughter of Daw San San Nwe. According to
the report, they were arrested as part of a group with political activist Khin
Zaw Win who was arrested earlier in July (see UA 272/94, ASA 16/08/94, 18 July
and follow-ups). No further information has been obtained about the arrest
of Dr Htun Myat Aye.
Khin Maung Swe, Daw San San Nwe and U Sein Hla Oo are reported to have made
contact with foreign journalists and diplomats and given them "news comments
against or critical of the government in order to make foreign governments
misunderstand the government". They are also alleged to have exchanged
information with a member of an armed opposition group. The report also alleges
that they "made arrangements for sending fabricated news on Myanmar" to the
United Nations Special Rapporteur on Myanmar during his visit in December 1993.
Daw San San Nwe is alleged to have met with former members of the Democratic
Party for New Society - a political party which is now banned - to "cause
disturbances", and to have "informed one-sided opposite views" to two French
reporters in April 1993.
Ma Myat Mo Mo Tun is alleged to have recorded "defamatory letters and documents"
on computer disk for Khin Zaw Win, made contacts with "illegal" groups and
to have sent anti-government articles to a journal published by an expatriate
group.
The report goes on to say that Khin Maung Swe, U Sein Hla Oo, and Daw San San
Nwe had been previously arrested and on their release had been warned not to
get involved in "the movement with intent to...create disturbances and undermine
the maintenance of law...". The report states that legal action will be taken
against them as they "make contact with armed groups and their acts are aimed
at instigating internal and external machinations against national economy
and politics..."
Amnesty International believes that the four may be detained for exercising
their fundamental human rights to peaceful expression of their political
beliefs. The organization remains concerned about the arrest of Dr Htun Myat
Aye, the reasons for which are still unknown. It is not known where he or
the other four are being held or whether they have been given access to a lawyer,
a doctor or their families. There is still concern about their treatment in
detention in view of reports of the torture and ill-treatment of opposition
activists in prison.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and
2
airmail letters
- expressing concern about the arrest of Khin Maung Swe, Daw San San Nwe, U
Sein Hla Oo, Ma Myat Mo Mo Tun and Dr Htun Myat Aye, and requesting details
of their whereabouts;
- seeking assurances that their treatment in detention conforms to international
standards, and that they be given access to a lawyer and medical personnel,
as well as to their families;
- expressing concern that Khin Maung Swe, Daw San San Nwe, U Sein Hla Oo and
Ma Myat Mo Mo Tun may have been arrested for peacefully exercising their rights
to freedom of expression, and if so, they should be immediately and
unconditionally released as prisoners of conscience.
APPEALS TO:
General Than Shwe
Chairman
State Law and Order Restoration Council
c/o Ministry of Defence
Signal Pagoda Road
Yangon, Union of Myanmar
Telegrams: General Than Shwe, Yangon, Myanmar
Telexes: 21316
Salutation: Dear General
Lieutenant General Khin Nyunt
Secretary 1
State Law and Order Restoration Council
c/o Ministry of Defence
Signal Pagoda Road
Yangon, Union of Myanmar
Telegrams: Lieutenant General Khin Nyunt, Yangon, Myanmar
Salutation: Dear Lieutenant General
General Maung Aye
Vice Chairman
State Law and Order Restoration Council
c/o Ministry of Defence
Signal Pagoda Road
Yangon, Union of Myanmar
Telegrams: General Maung Aye, Yangon, Myanmar
Salutation: Dear General
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
diplomatic representatives of Myanmar accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 11 October 1994.

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