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Further information on UA 282/92 (ASA 11/03/92, 8 September) - Afghanistan: death penalty / fear of further executions: Sayed Sakander, Mohammad Gul, Mohammad Rafit and (new name) Mohammad Qasim

, N° d'index: ASA 11/004/1992

A further public execution has been reported, following the executions of Sayed Sakander, Mohammad Gul and Mohammad Rafit. Mohammad Qasim was convicted of murder by an Islamic court and executed in Jalalabad on 15 September 1992. The execution was reportedly carried out by a brother of the murder victim and was watched by several thousand people. Eight executions have been reported since the Mujahideen assumed power in April 1992. AI fears more may follow.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 11/04/92
Distr: UA/SC
23 September 1992
Further information on UA 282/92 (ASA 11/03/92, 8 September 1992) - Death Penalty
/ Fear of further executions
AFGHANISTAN:Sayed Sakander
Mohammad Gul
Mohammad Rafit
and new name: Mohammad Qasim
Following the public hanging of Sayed Sakander, Mohammad Gul and Mohammad Rafit on
7 September 1992 a further public execution has been reported. Mohammad Qasim was
executed in the town of Jalalabad on 15 September. The execution was carried out
by the brother of the murder victim and was reportedly watched by a crowd of several
thousand people. This brings to eight the number of reported executions since the
Mujahideen assumed power in April 1992. A government spokesman has said that other,
similar cases are pending in court and Amnesty International fears that further
executions may follow.
As in the case of the seven earlier executions, the accused had reportedly been
convicted of murder by an Islamic court. Mohammad Qasim's trial reportedly lasted
one week, and it is not clear whether the accused had the right of appeal and the
right to seek pardon or commutation as required by the International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights. One report quotes the press in Afghanistan as stating
that the court had been guided by the principle "a life for a life".
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send express and airmail letters preferably in
English or your own language:
- expressing extreme concern about this most recent public execution and urging that
no further executions take place;
- urging the government to ensure that all trials conform to international standards
for fair trial;
- pointing out that international standards require that all those sentenced to death
shall have the right to seek pardon or commutation of the sentence;
- stating Amnesty International's unconditional opposition to the death penalty as
the ultimate form of cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment.
APPEALS TO:
President Burhanuddin Rabbani Salutation: Dear President
Head of the Islamic State of Afghanistan
Office of the President
Kabul
Afghanistan
The communications system in Afghanistan remains unreliable. Please therefore also
send letters to the diplomatic representative of Afghanistan in your country with
the request that they be forwarded to President Rabbani.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY.

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