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UA 341/92 - Peru: extrajudicial execution: Josias Ramirez Angulo

, N° d'index: AMR 46/052/1992

Josias Ramirez Angulo, a leading member of the Lamas Municipal Workers Union, was killed on the night of 7-8 September 1992 as he returned to his home in Lamas, capital of San Martin department. According to the Social Action Office of the Moyobamba Prefecture, investigations into the killing by the office of the Lamas provincial prosecutor concluded that a corporal attached to the Special Unit N. 115 of the Tarapoto Command was the perpetrator. The provincial prosecutor has reportedly written four times to the head of the Huallaga Front Political-Military Command to request that the corporal report to the prosecutor's office or to the police. So far, the head of the command has apparently refused to order the corporal to comply with the request.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/52/92
Distr: UA/SC
Please bring this action to the attention of the person responsible for trade
union outreach work.
UA 341/92 Extrajudicial Execution 5 November 1992
PERU: Josías RAMIREZ ANGULO, aged 36, trade union leader
Amnesty International is concerned about the reported extrajudicial execution
by members of the army of Josías Ramírez Angulo, a leading trade unionist of
the Sindicato de Trabajadores Municipales de Lamas, Lamas Municipal Workers
Union. The organization is also concerned at the apparent failure by the head
of the Huallaga Front Political-Military Command to order a corporal accused
of the killing to appear before the Public Ministry's provincial prosecutor
or the police in Lamas.
According to reports, shortly after midnight on 7-8 September 1992, Josías
Ramírez was shot in the back as he was returning to his home in a central
neighbourhood of Lamas, capital of the province of Lamas, San Martín department.
The wife of the victim reported the killing to the police in Lamas. A similar
report and request for an investigation was made by the executive secretary
of the Coordinadora Nacional de Derechos Humanos, Human Rights Coordinating
Committee and the Lamas Municipal Workers Union, to the Ministry of Defence
and to the Attorney General's office respectively.
A death certificate issued by the local hospital authorities is reported to
state that the victim had suffered "múltiples lesiones por proyectil de arma
de fuego", "multiple wounds produced by firearm bullets". According to the
Oficina Prelatural de Acción Social de Moyobamba, Social Action Office of the
Moyobamba Prelature, investigations by the office of the Lamas provincial
prosecutor concluded that a corporal attached to the Compañía Especial N. 115,
del Comando Tarapoto, Special Unit N. 115 of the Tarapoto Command, led by
an army captain codenamed "Cobra" was responsible for the killing.
According to reports the Lamas provincial prosecutor has written on four
occasions to General Eduardo Bellido Mori, head of the Huallaga Front Political-
Military Command requesting that the corporal report to the prosecutor's office
or to the police. The head of the Command has apparently refused to order the
corporal to comply with the request.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
President Fujimori and his government assumed power on 28 July 1990. The
government inherited a legacy of gross human rights violations dating back
to January 1983, including thousands of cases of "disappearance" and
extrajudicial execution. In his inaugural speech the President stated that
his government would fully respect human rights. On a number of subsequent
occasions President Fujimori and representatives of his government have
repeated that pledge. However, according to the cases documented by Amnesty
International, between 28 July 1990 and 31 July 1992 some 566 people allegedly
"disappeared" after arrest and 151 were extrajudicially executed. Dozens of
cases of torture, and of death threats and attacks on human rights defenders,
have also been documented by the organization since July 1990.
page 2 of UA 341/92...
Human rights violations occur in the context of the government's
counter-insurgency operations directed against the clandestine armed
opposition groups Partido Comunista del Perú, (Sendero Luminoso), PCP,
Communist Party of Peru (Shining Path) and the Movimiento Revolucionario Túpac
Amaru, (MRTA), Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement. Amnesty International
opposes the deliberate and arbitrary killing by the armed opposition of
defenceless civilians not directly involved in the internal conflict, and of
members of the security forces who have laid down their arms and those placed
hors de combat by sickness, wounds, detention or any other cause.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes and airmail letters either
in Spanish or in your own language:
- expressing concern about the reported extrajudicial execution of Josías
Ramírez Angulo by members of the army attached to the Tarapoto Command;
- urging the government to ensure that the military staff of San Martín complies
with the requests of the provincial prosecutor in order to clarify the
responsibility for Josías Ramírez's death;
- urging that a full, independent and impartial investigation be immediately
ordered into the killing;
- urging that the results be made public and that those found responsible be
brought to justice;
- urging that all necessary steps be taken to prevent further such killings.
APPEALS TO:
1) President:
Presidente Alberto Fujimori
Presidente de la República
Palacio de Gobierno
Plaza de Armas
Lima 1, PERU
Telegrams: Presidente Fujimori, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 20167 PE PALACIO
Salutation: Señor Presidente / Dear President
2) Minister of Defence:
General EP Victor Malca Villanueva
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Avenida Boulevard s/n
Monterrico
Lima 33, PERU
Telegrams: Ministro Defensa Villanueva, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 25438 PE COMGREGJ
Salutation: Señor Ministro / Dear Minister
3) President of the Armed Forces Joint Command:
General Nicolás Hermoza Ríos
Presidente del Comando Conjunto de las
Fuerzas Armadas
291 Av. Arequipa
Telegrams: Presidente del Comando Conjunto de las
Fuerzas Armadas, Lima, PERU
Salutation: Señor General / Dear General
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Human Rights Association:
Señores
CEAPAZ
Costa Rica 150
Lima 11
PERU
and to diplomatic representatives of Peru accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 17 December 1992.

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