EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/43/92
2 September 1992
UA 274/92 Fear of "Disappearance"/Fear of Extrajudicial Execution
PERU: Juan LUNA ROJAS (Trade Union Leader)
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of Juan Luna Rojas, secretary
general of the Confederación de Trabajadores del Perú, CTP, Workers
Confederation of Peru.
According to reports, on the morning of 27 August 1992 an attempt was made
by an unidentified armed individual to force Juan Luna Rojas into a blue
Volkswagen car without number plates. The incident took place in the Avenida
Colonial, Cercado district, in Lima, the capital. Juan Luna Rojas had just
left his home on foot when he was reportedly approached by the armed individual,
held at gun point, and asked to get into the Volkswagen. A second unidentified
individual was sitting at the steering wheel. In the ensuing struggle with
his assailant Juan Luna Rojas was reportedly beaten over the head. On hearing
Juan Luna Rojas' cries for help, a number of witnesses responded to the attack.
The assailant failed to abduct him and fled in the unmarked Volkswagen.
National and local trade union leaders and activists in Peru have been the
target of human rights abuses by both government forces and the clandestine
armed opposition group Partido Comunista del Perú (Sendero Luminoso), PCP,
Communist Party of Peru (Shining Path), throughout the three civilian
governments that have administered the country since 1980.
The latest of these governments, that of President Alberto Fujimori, assumed
power on 28 July 1990. The government inherited a legacy of gross human rights
violations by the security forces, and by so-called paramilitary groups and
civil defence patrols working with their support. Dating back to January 1983,
these cases include thousands of "disappearances" and extrajudicial executions.
Cases of torture, death threats, and abductions have also been widely reported.
Despite repeated statements over the past two years by President Fujimori and
government representatives that human rights are being fully respected, Amnesty
International has continued to receive information of gross human rights
violations perpetrated by government forces and groups acting with their
Such human rights violations continue to occur in the context of the government's
counter-insurgency operations directed against the PCP and the Movimiento
Revolucionario Túpac Amaru, Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement. Amnesty