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UA 274/92 - Peru: fear of "disappearance" / fear of extrajudicial execution: Juan Luna Rojas

, N° d'index: AMR 46/043/1992

AI is concerned about reports of an attempt to abduct Juan Luna Rojas, Secretary General of the Workers Confederation of Peru, on 27 August 1992. An unidentified armed individual is reported to have tried to force him into a blue Volkswagen car without number plates in the Cercado district of Lima. A struggle ensued and a number of witnesses responded to Juan Luna Rojas's cries for help. The assailants then fled. AI is concerned for the safety of Juan Luna Rojas.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/43/92
Distr: UA/SC
2 September 1992
UA 274/92 Fear of "Disappearance"/Fear of Extrajudicial Execution
PERU: Juan LUNA ROJAS (Trade Union Leader)
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of Juan Luna Rojas, secretary
general of the Confederación de Trabajadores del Perú, CTP, Workers
Confederation of Peru.
According to reports, on the morning of 27 August 1992 an attempt was made
by an unidentified armed individual to force Juan Luna Rojas into a blue
Volkswagen car without number plates. The incident took place in the Avenida
Colonial, Cercado district, in Lima, the capital. Juan Luna Rojas had just
left his home on foot when he was reportedly approached by the armed individual,
held at gun point, and asked to get into the Volkswagen. A second unidentified
individual was sitting at the steering wheel. In the ensuing struggle with
his assailant Juan Luna Rojas was reportedly beaten over the head. On hearing
Juan Luna Rojas' cries for help, a number of witnesses responded to the attack.
The assailant failed to abduct him and fled in the unmarked Volkswagen.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
National and local trade union leaders and activists in Peru have been the
target of human rights abuses by both government forces and the clandestine
armed opposition group Partido Comunista del Perú (Sendero Luminoso), PCP,
Communist Party of Peru (Shining Path), throughout the three civilian
governments that have administered the country since 1980.
The latest of these governments, that of President Alberto Fujimori, assumed
power on 28 July 1990. The government inherited a legacy of gross human rights
violations by the security forces, and by so-called paramilitary groups and
civil defence patrols working with their support. Dating back to January 1983,
these cases include thousands of "disappearances" and extrajudicial executions.
Cases of torture, death threats, and abductions have also been widely reported.
Despite repeated statements over the past two years by President Fujimori and
government representatives that human rights are being fully respected, Amnesty
International has continued to receive information of gross human rights
violations perpetrated by government forces and groups acting with their
support.
Such human rights violations continue to occur in the context of the government's
counter-insurgency operations directed against the PCP and the Movimiento
Revolucionario Túpac Amaru, Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement. Amnesty
International condemns the deliberate and arbitrary killing by the armed
opposition of defenceless civilians not involved in the internal conflict
afflicting Peru, and of all combatants who have laid down their arms or are
placed hors de combat by sickness, wounds, detention or any other cause.
page 2 of UA 274/92
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes and airmail letters
either in Spanish or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the attempted abduction on 27 August 1992 of Juan Luna
Rojas, secretary general of the Confederación de Trabajadores del Perú, CTP,
by unidentified individuals;
- urging that all adequate measures be taken to ensure that the safety of
Juan Luna Rojas be guaranteed;
- urging the authorities to investigate the attempted abduction of Juan Luna
Rojas and to bring the perpetrators to trial;
- urging the authorities to guarantee the safety of trade unionists in their
exercise of trade union activities.
APPEALS TO:
1) President
Presidente Alberto Fujimori
Presidente de la República
Palacio de Gobierno
Plaza de Armas
Lima 1, PERU
Telegrams: Presidente Fujimori, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 20167 PE PALACIO
Salutation: Señor Presidente / Dear President
2) Minister of the Interior
General EP Juan Briones Dávila
Ministro del Interior,
Ministerio del Interior,
Plaza 30 de Agosto 150
San Isidro
Urb. Córpac
Lima 27, PERU
Telegrams: Ministro Interior Briones, Lima, Perú
Telexes: 21133 PE OCMI/21697
Salutation: Señor Ministro / Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Confederación de Trabajadores del Perú (CTP)
Ayacucho 173
Lima, PERU
Faxes: 51 14 41 21 81
and to diplomatic representatives of Peru accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 14 October 1992.

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