EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/34/92
UA 214/92 Fear for Physical Safety 26 June 1992
PERU: Nancy VALCARCEL DE SIMON (female)
and her three children
Amnesty International is concerned for the physical safety of Nancy Valcárcel de
Simon and her three young children.
According to reports, since 11 June 1992 Nancy Valcárcel de Simon has received several
anonymous telephone calls threatening the physical safety of her and her children.
These threats follow the detention of her husband and former parliamentarian, Yehude
Simon Munaro, on 11 June 1992. He is presently being held at the Dirección Nacional
Contra el Terrorismo, DINCOTE, the anti-terrorist police headquarters (please see
UA 204/92, AMR 46/30/92 of 19 June 1992 and follow-up AMR 46/33/92 of 26 June 1992
for further information).
On 5 April 1992 President Alberto Fujimori broadcast a surprise speech to the nation
in which he announced the immediate dissolution of Congress and stated that the country
was to be ruled by a transitional executive-led Government of Emergency and National
Reconstruction. He also announced a reform of the Constitution, and of Congress,
the judiciary and the Public Ministry, all of which have a responsibility for
investigating human rights violations.
Following the announcement the executive closed down the judiciary and the Public
Ministry for a period of four weeks. Over 120 judges and public attorneys in Lima
and Callao were dismissed from their posts.
Numerous detentions, many of them of political activists and critics of the government,
have been made in Lima and elsewhere since 5 April.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/airmail letters:
- expressing concern at the threats received by Nancy Valcárcel de Simon and her
- requesting that all the necessary measures be urgently taken to guarantee their
- asking for a full and impartial investigation into the threats and that those
responsible be brought to justice.