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UA 165/94 - Peru: ill-treatment / harassment / fear for safety: Ulises Espinoza Sanchez, Reverend Father Fidelius

, N° d'index: AMR 46/010/1994

On 2 April 1994, a patrol of about 20 soldiers reportedly attacked the town of Chavin de Pariarca, throwing hand grenades at the church and at the home and offices of district governor Ulises Espinoza Sanchez. They also reportedly machine-gunned the empty car of Father Fidelius. The attack followed complaints of theiving and looting by army patrols against the local population. The governor's father and two brothers were reportedly briefly detained and the governor himself reportedly brutally beaten when he enquired about them.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/10/94
Distr: UA/SC
UA 165/94 Ill-treatment/Harassment 27 April 1994
Reverend Father FIDELIUS
Amnesty International is concerned about the reported ill-treatment of Ulises
Espinoza Sánchez, governor for the district of Chavín de Pariarca, Huamalies
province, Huánuco department, by members of the army. The organization fears
for the physical safety of the governor and members of his family, and that
of Reverend Father Fidelius, a priest in the town of Chavín de Pariarca.
According to reports, in the early hours of 2 April 1994, a patrol of about
20 soldiers took the town of Chavín de Pariarca. The soldiers reportedly threw
hand grenades at the church, at the home of the district governor and at the
building which houses his offices. The reports also indicate that soldiers
machine gunned the empty car of Father Fidelius.
This assault followed complaints filed two days earlier at the office of the
governor, of thieving and looting perpetrated by army patrols against the local
population. The governor was processing these complaints with the assistance
of the Reverend Father Fidelius.
During the attack on 2 April, members of the army also reportedly detained
the governor's father and two brothers. On the morning of 2 or 3 April, governor
Ulises Espinoza approached a group of soldiers to enquire about the whereabouts
of his father and brothers. He was detained and reportedly "brutally beaten",
"golpeado brutalmente", as a result of which he lost consciousness. When
he regained consciousness, his hands were tied and his face covered and he
was taken to the town's square. The governor and his relatives were released
later that morning, on condition that they burned all documents filed earlier
regarding the incidents of looting and theft.
On 3 April the governor sent a written denunciation of the above mentioned
incidents to the Public Ministry's senior attorney for the judicial district
of Huánuco-Pasco.
President Alberto Fujimori and his government assumed power on 28 July 1990.
The government inherited a legacy of gross human rights violations dating
back to January 1983, including thousands of cases of "disappearances" and
extrajudicial executions. The President has repeatedly stated that his
government is pursuing a policy of respect for human rights. However, between
28 July 1990 and 31 March 1994, Amnesty International has documented the cases
of at least 600 unaccounted cases of "disappearance" and 240 extrajudicial
executions. The organization has also documented numerous cases of torture
and ill-treatment by members of the security forces, and of death threats and
harassment by these forces or by anonymous individuals thought to be working
for them. The vast majority of these human rights violations in Peru have
never been thoroughly investigated, and the perpetrators have not been brought
to justice.
Human rights violations occur in the context of the government's
counter-insurgency operations directed against the clandestine armed
opposition groups Partido Comunista del Perú, (Sendero Luminoso), Communist
Party of Peru, (Shining Path) and the Movimiento Revolucionario Túpac Amaru,
Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement. Amnesty International unequivocally
opposes the deliberate and arbitrary killing by the armed opposition of
defenceless civilians not directly involved in the internal conflict, and of
members of the security forces who have laid down their arms and those placed
hors de combat by sickness, wounds, detention or any other cause.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in Spanish or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the reported ill-treatment and harassment of Ulises
Espinoza Sánchez and the harassment of the Reverend Father Fidelius;
- requesting that all necessary steps be taken to ensure the physical safety
of Ulises Espinoza Sánchez and members of his family, and that of the Reverend
Father Fidelius;
- urging the government to ensure a prompt and thorough investigation into
the allegations, that the findings be made public, and the perpetrators be
brought to justice.
1) President:
Presidente Alberto Fujimori
Presidente de la República
Palacio de Gobierno
Plaza de Armas
Lima 1, PERU
Telegrams: Presidente Fujimori, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 20167 PE PALACIO
2) Ministry of Defence
General EP Victor Malca Villanueva
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Avda. Boulevard y Monterrico
Lima 33, PERU
Telegrams:General Malca, Ministerio de Defensa, Lima Peru
Faxes: 010 5114 359997/334470
Salutation: Señor General/ Dear General Malca
3) Public Ministry's Attorney General
Dr. Blanca Nélida Colán Maguiña
Fiscal de la Nación
Fiscalía de la Nación
Avda. Azángaro
Lima, PERU
Telegrams, Fiscal de la Nación, Lima Perú
Faxes: 5114 334457
Santa Cruz N635,
Jesús María,
Lima, PERU
and to diplomatic representatives of Peru accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with International Secretariat, or
your section office if sending appeals after 8 June 1994.

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