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UA 76/93 - Peru: "disappearance": Rony Guerra Blancas, Milagros Flor Tupac Gonzalez

, N° d'index: AMR 46/006/1993

Rony Guerra Blancas, aged 23, and Milagros Flor Tupac Gonzalez, aged 22, student leaders at the Universidad Nacional del Centro, were reportedly arrested on 11 and 12 January 1993 in Huancayo by armed men believed to be linked to the security forces. They have not been seen since. Their parents have denounced the incidents to police and military authorities, who deny having detained the students. Habeas corpus petitions have been presented to the examining magistrate in Huancayo.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/06/93
Distr: UA/SC
UA 76/93 "Disappearance" 17 March 1993
Milagros Flor TUPAC GONZALEZ (female), 22
Amnesty International is concerned about the reported "disappearance" of Rony
Guerra Blancas and Milagros Flor Tupac González, two student leaders at the
Universidad Nacional del Centro, National University of the Centre. They were
reportedly arrested on 11 and 12 February 1993 respectively in the city of
Huancayo, Junín department, by men dressed in plain clothes, believed to be
linked to the security forces.
According to reports, Rony Guerra Blancas was detained in the presence of
witnesses in a street in Huancayo on 11 February 1993, at about 12.30 pm. The
reports indicate that the perpetrators were three armed men who covered his
face with a pullover and drove him away in a taxi to an unknown destination.
A neighbour of Rony Guerra stated that at midnight on the same day the detainee
was taken to his home by six uniformed men who, after searching the house,
drove him away again.
Milagros Flor Tupac González was reportedly taken away on the 12 February 1993
by some 10 armed men who entered her home in Huancayo. An uncle of the victim
witnessed the incident. The abduction was denounced to the Fiscalía Especial
de Defensoría del Pueblo y Derechos Humanos de Huancayo, Huancayo's Special
Attorney for the Defence of the People and Human Rights.
The parents of both victims denounced the incidents to the Comandancia de la
Policía Nacional del Perú, National Police Headquarters in Huancayo, to the
Jefatura contra el Terrorismo, Regional Headquarters Against Terrorism, and
to the army Cuartel 9 de Diciembre, 9 December Barracks. The head of all three
institutions denied having detained the students. Habeas corpus petitions were
also presented to the examining magistrate in Huancayo on behalf of both
President Alberto Fujimori and his government assumed power on 28 July 1990.
The government inherited a legacy of gross human rights violations dating back
to January 1983, including thousands of cases of "disappearance" and
extrajudicial execution. The President has repeatedly stated that his
government is pursuing a policy of respect for human rights. However, according
to the cases documented by Amnesty International, between 28 July 1990 and
March 1993, some 619 people allegedly "disappeared" after arrest, 481 of whom
remained unaccounted for at the end of the period. A further 55 have been found
Human rights violations occur in the context of the government's
counter-insurgency operations directed against the clandestine Partido
Comunista del Perú, PCP, Communist Party of Peru and the Movimiento
Revolucionario Túpac Amaru, MRTA, Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement. Amnesty
International opposes the deliberate and arbitrary killing by the armed
opposition of defenceless civilians not directly involved in the internal
conflict, and of members of the security forces who have laid down their arms
and those placed hors de combat by sickness, wounds, detention or any other
Page 2 of UA 76/93
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in Spanish, English or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the reported "disappearance" of Rony Guerra Blancas
and Milagros Flor Tupac González;
- urging that their whereabouts and legal situation be immediately clarified
and that their physical integrity be guaranteed;
- asking that they be given access to an independent lawyer, a doctor, relatives
and a representative of the Public Ministry;
- asking that they be brought before a judge and charged with a recognizable
criminal offence or immediately released.
1) President:
Presidente Alberto Fujimori
Presidente de la República
Palacio de Gobierno
Plaza de Armas
Lima 1, PERU
Telegrams: Presidente Fujimori, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 20167 PE PALACIO
Salutation: Señor Presidente / Dear Mr President
2) Minister of Defence:
General EP Víctor Malca Villanueva
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Avenida Boulevard
Lima 33
Telegrams: Ministro Interior Briones, Lima, Perú
Telexes: 21133 PE OCMI/21697
Telexes: 25438 COMGREGJ
Salutation: Señor Ministro/ Dear Minister
3) Attorney General:
Dra. Blanca Nélida Colán
Fiscal General de la Nación
Fiscalía General de la Nación
Edificio Torre de Lima, 7 piso
Centro Cívico
Lima, Perú
Telegrams: Fiscal de la Nación, Lima, Perú
Telexes: 20055 PE MINPLUB
Salutation: Señora Fiscal General de la Nación / Dear Attorney General
Human Rights Association:
Apartado 11-0764
Lima 11
and to diplomatic representatives of Peru accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 28 April 1993.

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