• Campagnes

Mexico: "Disappearance" / fear of torture

, N° d'index: AMR 41/096/1997

Pedro Antonio Jose, Guillermo Jose Cruz, Sixto Santiago Antonio, Rafael Jose Miguel, Nicolas Santiago Antonio, Encarnacion Antonio Jose, Ernesto Santiago Antonio and Juan Martinez Sosa: The first five men were arrested on 16 October 1997 by members of the judicial police along with two unidentified masked men in the municipality of San Juan Numi. The others were arrested the following day. All of them have "disappeared" after being detained by the police and are feared to be at serious risk of torture.

EXTERNAL AI Index: AMR 41/96/97
EXTRA 142/97 “Disappearance” / Fear of torture 21 October 1997
MEXICO Pedro Antonio José
Guillermo José Cruz
Sixto Santiago Antonio
Rafael José Miguel
Nicolás Santiago Antonio
Encarnación Antonio José
Ernesto Santiago Antonio
Juan Martínez Sosa - local government officials
Eight men have “disappeared” after being detained by the police, and are feared
to be at serious risk of torture. The current whereabouts of the eight, who
are all community activists and members of the municipal government of San
Juan Ñumi, Oaxaca State, are unknown.
Pedro Antonio José, Guillermo José Cruz, Sixto Santiago Antonio, Rafael José
Miguel and Nicolás Santiago Antonio were detained on 16 October 1997 by members
of the judicial police along with two unidentified masked men in the municipality
of San Juan Ñumi.
Three more men, Encarnación Antonio José, Ernesto Santiago Antonio and Juan
Martínez Sosa, were detained the following day in the same municipality, again
by the judicial police.
The eight appear to have been targeted solely for their peaceful community
activism.
The state Attorney General has refused to give any information as to the men’s
whereabouts.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Over the past year, Amnesty International has documented many cases of serious
human rights violations in Oaxaca State. Members of the security forces have
increasingly targeted community activists and members of the Partido de la
Revolución Democrática (PRD), Party of the Democratic Revolution, a legal
opposition party, attempting to link them to the Ejercito Popular Revolucionario
(EPR), Popular Revolutionary Army. The latter is an armed opposition group
which has been operating mainly in the southern states of Oaxaca and Guerrero
since July 1996. In the Loxicha region of Oaxaca state, at least 130 people
have been arbitrarily detained, principally in the penitentiary of Santa María
de Ixcotel, Oaxaca State. Amnesty International fears that they are all at
serious risk of torture and has called for the unconditional release of those
who have been accused on unfounded charges of having links to the EPR.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/faxes/express/airmail letters in
Spanish or your own language:
- calling for the whereabouts of the eight men to be made known immediately,
for their physical safety be guaranteed;
- urging that they be immediately and unconditionally released;
- urging that those responsible for the reported “disappearances” be brought
to justice;
- expressing grave concern at the level of serious human rights violations
2
in Oaxaca State against community activists and members of legal opposition
parties, and urging the authorities to take measures to prevent any further
such violations.
APPEALS TO:
1) Minister of Interior
Lic. Emilio Chuayffet Chemor
Secretario de Gobernación
Secretaría de Gobernación
Bucarelli 99, 1er piso,
Col Juarez, 06699 México DF, MEXICO
Telegrams: Secretario de Gobernación, México DF, México
Faxes: + 52 5 546 5350; + 525 535 9952
Salutation: Sr. Secretario / Dear Minister
2) Governor of the State of Oaxaca
Lic. Diódoro Carrasco Altamirano
Gobernador del Estado de Oaxaca
Palacio de Gobierno
Oaxaca, Oaxaca, MEXICO
Telegrams: Gobernador Carrasco, Oaxaca, Mexico
Faxes: + 52 951 637 37 (If voice, ask “me puede dar tono de fax, por favor)
Salutation: Sr. Gobernador / Dear Governor
COPIES TO:
Human rights organization
Centro de Derechos Humanos
"Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez" A.C.
Puebla N. 153 Col. Roma,
06700 México D.F. MEXICO
Faxes: + 52 5 208 75 47
and to diplomatic representatives of MEXICO accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 10 December 1997.

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