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UA 236/92 - Haiti: mass arrests / ill-treatment: Esner Blaise, Canez Prevaud, Rosette Desire, Lionel Desir, Ronald Leon, Cheraud, Claude Lucien, Jerome Noel, Valery Bony Laguerre, Jean-Marie Gabriel

, N° d'index: AMR 36/040/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 36/40/92
Distr: UA/SC
UA 236/92 Mass Arrests/Ill-treatment 17 July 1992
HAITI: Esner BLAISE )
Canez PRÉVAUD )
Rosette DÉSIRÉ (f) )
Lionel DÉSIR ) wounded in the attack by
Ronald LEÓN ) members of the armed forces
CHÉRAUD )
Claude LUCIEN )
Jerôme NOEL )
Valéry BONY LAGUERRE (f) )
Jean-Marie Gabriel ) arrested; his whereabouts
remain unknown
Amnesty International is concerned that following a demonstration organized by students
from various faculties of the Université d'Etat d'Haïti, State University of Haiti, on
15 July 1992, members of the armed forces indiscriminately shot and wounded a number of
students or severely beat others, a number of whom required hospitalization. Amnesty
International is also concerned that the whereabouts of many of the over 20 students arrested
remain unknown.
According to witnesses to the demonstration, over 60 uniformed policemen and armed men
in civilian clothes, many wearing police badges on their shirt pockets, entered the Faculty
of Medicine and Pharmacy. The security forces, heavily armed with rifles and batons,
reportedly systematically clubbed anyone they found in and around the Faculty. During
the panic that ensued, many students returned to the university building to seek refuge.
They were pursued to the classrooms by members of the security forces who reportedly shot
at them at point blank range. Other students tried to seek refuge at the General Hospital.
Hospital staff reportedly succeeded in stopping possible extrajudicial executions when
armed members of the security forces entered the General Hospital in pursuit of the students,
and allegedly lined them up for execution in the court-yard of the hospital.
During both of the above incidents, several students, including the nine mentioned above,
were wounded, either by bullets or as a result of severe beatings by the police. One of
those injured, Jerôme Noël, was reportedly beaten so badly that his right foot was fractured.
Valéry Bony Laguerre, a 2nd year Agronomy student, was reportedly badly beaten inside
the morgue of the General Hospital where she had run for safety.
The Fédération Nationale des Étudiants Haïtiens (FENEH), National Federation of Haitian
Students, reported that over 20 students were arrested and taken to the Service
d'investigation et de recherches anti-gang, Anti-gang Investigation Service, where it is
feared that they may be ill-treated in custody. At least one student was released after
several hours in custody.
Amnesty International is also concerned at reports that Jean-Marie Gabriel, a 3rd year
Agronomy student, was captured and taken away aboard a black jeep. His whereabouts are
unknown.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
On 12 November 1991, students from the FENEH gathered at the Faculty of Science building
of the State University of Haiti for a press conference and to demonstrate in support of
the return of former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, ousted in a military coup of September
1991. During the demonstration a large contingent of armed policemen stormed the building,
beating students and chasing foreign journalists away. Many students were reportedly
brutally beaten with batons and riffle butts. More than 100 students were subsequently
arrested and many were ill-treated during detention. (See Haiti: The Human Rights Tragedy,
AI Index: AMR 36/03/92 of 22 January 1992). Since late May 1992, a new wave of student
protests was met with harsh repression.
On 19 June 1992 Marc Bazin was sworn in as Haiti's Prime Minister succeeding the de facto
Prime Minister Jean-Jacques Honorat. Several days before he took office, Marc Bazin pledged
before the Haitian Senate to stop repression and restore freedom of the press. However,
human rights violations continue.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes and airmail letters:
- expressing concern at the reported indiscriminate shooting and beating of students by
security forces (include those named);
- asking for a complete list of the students arrested, and inquiring about their legal
situation;
- asking that the whereabouts of Jean-Marie Gabriel be made known;
- urging that all students held be treated humanely in custody, that they be given access
to lawyers, families and to independent doctors;
- asking that an immediate investigation into the above incidents, and that those found
responsible be brought to justice.
APPEALS TO
1. Prime Minister:
Marc BAZIN
Premier Ministre
Palais National
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telegrams: Premier Ministre BAZIN,
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Faxes: + 509 34 1980, + 509 23 2121
Salutation: Monsieur le Premier Minister /
Dear Prime Minister
2. Minister of Justice
Maître Moïse SENATUS
Ministre de la Justice
Ministère de la Justice
Cité de l'Exposition
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telegrams: Ministre de la Justice SENATUS,
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telephone: +509 45 0474, +509 45 1626
Telexes: 20166 Justice
Salutation: Monsieur le Ministre
3. Chief of National Police
Monsieur le Lt.Colonel
Michel FRANÇOIS
Chef de la Police Nationale
Grand Quartier Général de la Police
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telegrams: Chef, Police Nationale,
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Salutation: Monsieur le Lt. Colonel /
Dear Lt. Colonel
4. Anti-gang investigation and research
service:
Monsieur le Capitaine Joanis JACKSON
Chef du Service d'investigation et
de recherches anti-gang
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telegrams: Chef du Service d'investigation
et de recherches anti-gang,
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Salutation: Monsieur le Capitaine /
Dear Captain
5. Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces:
Monsieur le Général Raoul CEDRAS
Commandant-en-Chef des Forces Armées d'Haïti
Grand Quartier Général des Forces Armées d'Haïti
Rue Geffrard, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telegrams: Comandant-en-Chef des Armees d'Haiti Cedras, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telephone: + 509 22 3935
Telexes: 20391 gqfadh
Faxes: + 509 23 9007, + 509 23 9407
Salutation: Monsieur le Général / Dear General
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
1. President of Senate
Monsieur Déjean Bélizaire
Président du Sénat
Assemblée Nationale
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
2. President of Chamber of Deputies
Monsieur Alexandre MÉDARD
Monsieur le Président
Président de la Chambre Députés
Assemblée Nationale
Port-au-Prince
3. Dean of Medicine and Pharmacy faculty
Monsieur le Doyen
Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie
Rue Oswald Durand
Port-au-Prince
4. Haïti en Marche (News weekly)
173 N.W. 94 St
Miami
FL 33150, USA
and to diplomatic representatives of Haiti accredited to your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 28 August 1992.

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