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UA 193/93 - Guatemala: death threats: Jeronimo Morales Tiriquiz, Tomas Suy Canil, Candelaria Xon Gonzales, Juan Morales Xon, Manuela Morales Xon, Anastacia Morales Xon, Domingo Morales Xon, Natalia Mejia Ricquiqc, Rolando Ismael Suy Mejia, Carlos Mejia Ti

, N° d'index: AMR 34/041/1993

There is concern for the safety of Jeronimo Morales Tiriquiz and Tomas Suy Canil, both members of the Council of Ethnic Communities "We are all Equal" (CERJ), and members of their families, all from Canton Panquiac, municipality of Chichicastenango, Quiche department. On 10 June 1993 the two men and their families were forced to take refuge due to continued persecution and death threats for not participating in the Civil Defence Patrols (PAC). In May 1993 Jeronimo Morales Tiriquiz began work on a project concerning military recruitment organized by the National Coordinating Committee of Guatemalan Widows (CONAVIGUA).

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 34/41/93
Distr: UA/SC
UA 193/32 Death Threats 15 June 1993
GUATEMALA: Jerónimo MORALES TIRIQUIZ, aged 37
Tomás SUY CANIL, aged 34
Candelaria XON GONZALES, aged 30 (female)
Juan MORALES XON, aged 10
Manuela MORALES XON, aged 8 (female)
Anastacia MORALES XON, aged 6 (female)
Domingo MORALES XON, aged 4
Natalia MEJIA RICQUIQC, aged 23 (female)
Rolando Ismael SUY MEJIA, aged 9 months
Carlos MEJIA TIAN, aged 12
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of Jerónimo Morales Tiriquiz and Tomás
Suy Canil, both members of the Council of Ethnic Communities "We are all Equal", (CERJ),
as well as the other members of their families, all from Canton Panquiac, municipality
of Chichicastenango, Quiché department.
On 10 June 1993 the two CERJ members and their families were forced to take refuge due
to continued persecution and death threats for not participating in the Civil Defence Patrols
(PAC).
According to a statement made by Jerónimo Morales Tiriquiz, he stopped participating in
the PAC over a year ago. In May 1993 he began to work on a project organized by the National
Coordinating Committee of Guatemalan Widows (CONAVIGUA), concerning military recruitment.
Subsequently, on 2 June he was reportedly accused by leaders of the PAC of subversion and
threatened with death, in the presence of his family. One member of the PAC reportedly
tried to assault Jerónimo Morales, but was restrained by other family members. Since then
Jerónimo Morales' wife, Candelaria Xon Gonzáles has received death threats.
Tomás Suy Canil and his family are also believed to be in danger due to their close
relationship with the family of Jerónimo Morales. Both families have apparently been
persecuted since 2 June 1993.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Civil Defence Patrols (PAC) were created as a component of the military's counter-insurgency
strategy in 1982. Although voluntary according to the Constitution, civil patrols are in
effect compulsory. Those refusing to take part in them have been branded "guerrillas",
and many have been subjected to human rights violations, including harassment and attacks,
"disappearance" and extrajudicial execution.
CERJ was formed in 1988 to protect indigenous peoples' rights, and has been particularly
active in protesting against peasants being forced to join the PAC. Since then more than
15 CERJ members have been extrajudicially executed, seven have "disappeared", and scores
have been subjected to intimidation or harassment by members of the security forces, civil
patrollers, military commissioners or civilians acting in connivance with the military.
On 6 June 1993 Ramiro de León Carpio, previously the Human Rights Procurator, was voted
president by Congress, following the forced resignation of Jorge Serrano on 1 June 1993.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters
either in Spanish, English or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the incidents of threats and harassment against Jerónimo Morales
Tiriquiz and Tomás Suy Canil, as well as other members of their families;
- asking for guarantees for the security of both families;
- asking that these incidents be immediately investigated and that those found to be
responsible be brought to justice;
- drawing attention to President de León Carpio's inaugural speech in which he declared
his commitment to human rights; state that you are aware of the difficulties
Page 2 of UA 193/93
facing his government, but that you hope that incidents such as those mentioned above will
not be tolerated.
APPEALS TO:
1) President of the Republic: Salutation: Excelentísimo Sr.Presidente/Dear President
S.E. Ramiro de León Carpio
Presidente de la República de Guatemala
Palacio Nacional, Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Telegrams: Presidente de León Carpio, Guatemala, Guatemala
Faxes: + 502 2 537472, + 502 2 519702
Telexes: 5331 CAPRES GU
2) Minister of Interior: Salutation: Sr. Ministro/Dear Minister
Lic. Francisco Perdomo
Ministro de Gobernación
Ministerio de Gobernación
Despacho Ministerial, Of. No. 8
Palacio Nacional, Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Telegrams: Ministro de Gobernación, Guatemala, Guatemala
Telephone: + 502 2 21212, ext 500;
+ 502 2 518105-6 (direct)
Telexes: 5085 MINGOB
3) Minister of Defence: Salutation: Sr. Ministro/Dear Minister
Gral. Roberto Perussina
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Palacio Nacional, Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Telegrams: Ministro de Defensa, Guatemala, Guatemala
Faxes: + 502 2 537472
Telexes: 5361 COMGUA GU
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Council of Ethnic Communities "We are all Equal"
Consejo de Comunidades Étnicas, CERJ:
5a Avenida 3-13,
Santa Cruz del Quiché
El Quiché
GUATEMALA
Head of the Presidential Commission Coordinating the Policies of the Executive relating
to Human Rights:
Sr. Bernardo Neumann
COPREDEH
15 Avenida 18-38, Zona 13
Guatemala, GUATEMALA
and to diplomatic representatives of Guatemala accredited to your country. The World
Conference on Human Rights is being held in Austria this month and you can enhance the
power of your appeals by also sending copies to the diplomatic representative of Guatemala
in Austria during June at the following address:
GUATEMALAN EMBASSY:
The Ambassador
Botschaft der Republik Guatemala
Reisnerstrasse 20/1/4, 1030 Wien
Austria
Faxes: + 43 1 714 35 69
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 27th July 1993.

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