EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 19/34/92
UA 414/92 Possible Extrajudicial Execution/
Fear for Physical Safety 23 December 1992
BRAZIL Carlos Henrique MOREIRA (age 14)
Carlos André Dos SANTOS (age 14)
Antônio Carlos DE OLIVEIRA (age 16)
Alexandre SILVA NEVES (age 18)
Carlos Henrique DE SOUZA SANTOS (age 18)
Márcio PACHECO DE OLIVEIRA (age 17)
Valdeci RODRIGUES (fear for physical safety)
Amnesty International is concerned about the possible extrajudicial execution
of Carlos Henrique Moreira, Carlos André dos Santos, Antônio Carlos de Oliveira,
Alexandre Silva Neves, Carlos Henrique De Souza Santos, and Márcio Pacheco
de Oliveira killed on 20 December 1992 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The
organization is also seriously concerned for the physical safety of Valdeci
Rodrigues, wounded in the same incident.
According to the information received by Amnesty International the above
mentioned youths were playing in the early hours of the morning of 20 December
1992 in a shanty town in Sampaio, Rio de Janeiro when they were surrounded
by a group of men who arrived in the shanty town by car. The men forced the
youths to lie down. Five of the youths were then shot dead. A sixth, Márcio
Pacheco de Oliveira, died in hospital from his wounds. A seventh member of
the group, Valdeci Rodrigues, was slightly wounded but managed to escape.
Witnesses allege that the killers wore military police uniforms.
Extrajudicial executions are a common feature of urban Brazil. Most of the
killings are carried out by death squads, often with the participation of
off-duty police officers. There is evidence that local police have given support
to these groups or even participated in their activities. People who have drawn
attention to these activities, publicly denounced them or tried to investigate
them have in a number of cases been victims of threats or extrajudicial
executions. Amnesty International has also received reports of extrajudicial
executions and excessive use of force, including lethal force, by the military
police in several Brazilian states. All crimes involving the military police
are investigated by military police officers and judged by military courts.
Brazilian Human Right lawyers claim that military courts, which since 1977
have judged all cases involving military police on duty, have conferred a high
degree of impunity to military police officers for human rights violations.
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