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Brazil: Further information on apparent extrajudicial execution / fear for safety

, N° d'index: AMR 19/033/1996

Francisco Gilson Nogueira de Carvalho, aged 34, lawyer, human rights defender, Roberto Monte, human rights defender, Luiz Gonzaga Dantas, human rights defender; new names: Emmanuel Cristovao de Oliveira Cavalcanti, State Attorney General, Jose Maria Alves, State prosecutor, Fernando Batista Vasconcelos, State prosecutor, Anisio Marinho Neto, State prosecutor, Paulo Leao Dantas, State prosecutor, Luis Lopes de Oliveira Filho, State prosecutor, Jose Augusto Peres, State prosecutor, Placido de Medeiros, State police investigator: On 20 October 1996, human rights defender Francisco Gilson Nogueira de Carvalho was shot dead in Natal. Fears for the safety of his colleagues at the Centre for Human Rights and Collective Memory have been increased by the discovery of a "death list" in which they and several state officials are named, as a result of their involvement in investigations into the activities of a "death squad" known as the "Meninos de Ouro".

EXTERNAL AI Index: AMR 19/33/96
6 November 1996
Further information on UA 242/96 (AMR 19/32/96, 21 October 1996) - Apparent
extrajudicial execution / Fear for safety
BRAZILFrancisco Gilson Nogueira de Carvalho, aged 34, lawyer, human rights
defender
Roberto Monte, human rights defender
Luiz Gonzaga Dantas, human rights defender
new names:Emmanuel Cristovão de Oliveira Cavalcanti, State Attorney General
Jose Maria Alves, State prosecutor
Fernando Batista Vasconcelos, State prosecutor
Anisio Marinho Neto, State prosecutor
Paulo Leao Dantas, State prosecutor
Luis Lopes de Oliveira Filho, State prosecutor
Jose Augusto Peres, State prosecutor
Placido de Medeiros, State police investigator
On 20 October 1996 human rights defender Francisco Gilson Nogueira de Carvalho
was shot dead near his home in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte.
Fears for the safety of his colleagues at the Centro de Direitos Humanos e
Memória Popular (CDHMP), Centre for Human Rights and Collective Memory, have
been increased by the discovery of a "death list" in which they and several
state officials are named.
The Human Rights Commission of the Federal Chamber of Deputies recently sent
a special commission to accompany the investigation into the murder of Francisco
Gilson Nogueira de Carvalho. In the course of their investigation, the Human
Rights Commission received information about the existence of a list of 10
people in the state "marked for death".
The state Attorney General, six state prosecutors, one police investigator,
and two human rights defenders from the Centre for Human Rights and Collective
Memory, named above, who are allegedly on the list, were all involved in
investigations into the activities of a "death squad", known as the "Meninos
de Ouro", "Golden Boys", believed to operate within the Rio Grande do Norte
state civil police. Following a series of death threats, the prosecutors had
reportedly suspended their work on the investigation. It is believed that
Francisco Gilson Nogueira Carvalho was killed because he continued to follow
up the investigation into killings allegedly carried out by this "death squad".
Since 1995 allegations had been repeatedly made that the Meninos de Ouro "death
squad" operated under the auspices of the Deputy State Secretary of Public
Security, an official who has publicly endorsed the use of torture against
criminal suspects. On 31 October 1996 the State Governor dismissed this
official from office.
The Federal Chamber of Deputies' Human Rights Commission has called on the
Ministry of Justice's Human Rights Council (Conselho de Defesa dos Direitos
da Pessoa Humana) to hold a special session on the human rights situation in
Rio Grande do Norte.
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FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/
airmail letters in Portuguese, Spanish, English or in your own language:
- expressing grave concern at the reported existence of a death list of people
involved in the investigation of the activities of a death squad believed to
operated within the civil police of Rio Grande do Norte;
- seeking guarantees for the physical safety of all those named (give names
if possible) and their families, and that all steps are taken to provide them
with adequate protection;
- seeking to be informed of the progress of investigations into the operations
of the so-called "Meninos de Ouro" death squad, and into the murder of human
rights defender Francisco Gilson Nogueira De Carvalho, and calling for all
those responsible to be brought to justice;
- asking that the Federal Authorities take over the investigation.
APPEALS TO:
When dialling fax numbers, if voice, ask "dar o sinal do fax, por favor"
Minister of Justice
Exmo. Sr. Ministro da Justiça do Brasil
Dr. Nelson Azevedo Jobim
Ministério da Justiça
Esplanada dos Ministérios, Bloco 23
CEP 70064-900 Brasília, DF, Brazil
Fax: +55 61 321 5172 / 224 2448 (voice) / 322 6817 / 226 7980
Telegrams: Ministerio da Justica, Brasilia, Brazil
Salutation: Vossa Excelência/ Your Excellency
Federal Attorney General
Exmo Sr. Procurador Geral da República
Dr. Geraldo Brindeiro
Procuradoria Geral da República
Ed. Sede da PGR
Av. L2 Sul, Q. 603, lote 23
CEP 70200-901 Brasília, DF, Brazil
Fax: +55 61 313 5444 / 223 6119
Telegrams: Procuradoria Geral da Republica, Brasilia, Brazil
Salutation: Vossa Excelência/ Your Excellency
Governor of Rio Grande do Norte
Exmo. Sr. Governador do Rio Grande do Norte
Dr Garibaldi Alves Filho
Palácio Potengi
Praça 7 de Setembro, s/nº, Centro
CEP 59000 Natal, RN, Brazil
Fax: +55 84 206 4661 (voice)
Telegrams: Governador do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil
Salutation: Vossa Excelência/ Your Excellency
Rio Grande do Norte State Attorney General
Exmo. Sr. Procurador Geral de Justiça do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte
Dr. Emmanuel Cristovam de Oliveira Cavalcanti
Procuradoria Geral de Justiça
Praça Augusto Severo Nº261,Ribeira,
CEP 59012-560 Natal, RN,Brazil
Fax: +55 84 222 1041 (voice)
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Telegrams: Procurador Geral de Justica, Ribeira, Natal, Brazil
Salutation: Vossa Excelência/ Your Excellency
COPIES TO:
Centro de Direitos Humanos e Memória Popular
Rua Vigário Bartolomeu, 635
Ed. 21 de Março, Salas 606/607
Cidade Alta,
59023-900 Natal RN, Brazil
and to diplomatic representatives of Brazil accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 20 December 1996.

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