EXTERNAL AI Index: AMR 19/33/96
6 November 1996
Further information on UA 242/96 (AMR 19/32/96, 21 October 1996) - Apparent
extrajudicial execution / Fear for safety
BRAZILFrancisco Gilson Nogueira de Carvalho, aged 34, lawyer, human rights
Roberto Monte, human rights defender
Luiz Gonzaga Dantas, human rights defender
new names:Emmanuel Cristovão de Oliveira Cavalcanti, State Attorney General
Jose Maria Alves, State prosecutor
Fernando Batista Vasconcelos, State prosecutor
Anisio Marinho Neto, State prosecutor
Paulo Leao Dantas, State prosecutor
Luis Lopes de Oliveira Filho, State prosecutor
Jose Augusto Peres, State prosecutor
Placido de Medeiros, State police investigator
On 20 October 1996 human rights defender Francisco Gilson Nogueira de Carvalho
was shot dead near his home in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte.
Fears for the safety of his colleagues at the Centro de Direitos Humanos e
Memória Popular (CDHMP), Centre for Human Rights and Collective Memory, have
been increased by the discovery of a "death list" in which they and several
state officials are named.
The Human Rights Commission of the Federal Chamber of Deputies recently sent
a special commission to accompany the investigation into the murder of Francisco
Gilson Nogueira de Carvalho. In the course of their investigation, the Human
Rights Commission received information about the existence of a list of 10
people in the state "marked for death".
The state Attorney General, six state prosecutors, one police investigator,
and two human rights defenders from the Centre for Human Rights and Collective
Memory, named above, who are allegedly on the list, were all involved in
investigations into the activities of a "death squad", known as the "Meninos
de Ouro", "Golden Boys", believed to operate within the Rio Grande do Norte
state civil police. Following a series of death threats, the prosecutors had
reportedly suspended their work on the investigation. It is believed that
Francisco Gilson Nogueira Carvalho was killed because he continued to follow
up the investigation into killings allegedly carried out by this "death squad".
Since 1995 allegations had been repeatedly made that the Meninos de Ouro "death
squad" operated under the auspices of the Deputy State Secretary of Public
Security, an official who has publicly endorsed the use of torture against
criminal suspects. On 31 October 1996 the State Governor dismissed this
official from office.
The Federal Chamber of Deputies' Human Rights Commission has called on the
Ministry of Justice's Human Rights Council (Conselho de Defesa dos Direitos
da Pessoa Humana) to hold a special session on the human rights situation in
Rio Grande do Norte.