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UA 368/92 - Brazil: possible extrajudicial execution: Jean Alves da Cunha

, N° d'index: AMR 19/031/1992

The body of Jean Alves da Cunha, a 13-year-old street child, was found on 13 November 1992, dumped on a hill in the city of Vitoria. He had been shot twice in the head; a forensic specialist has affirmed that he believes it was a professional killing. Jean Alves da Cunha was a leader in the Movimento Nacional de Meninos e Meninas da Rua and was preparing to attend the movement's Third National Congress from 19-22 November. On 11 October he and five other street children were detained by justice officials attached to the Juvenile Court; they were questioned and released. Later that evening the officials returned and detained Jean Alves da Cunha. He was never seen alive again. He had expressed fears for his safety because of allegations he had made against the police.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 19/31/92
Distr: UA/SC
UA 368/92 Possible Extrajudicial Execution 24 November 1992
BRAZIL: Jean Alves da Cunha, aged 13
Amnesty International is concerned about the killing of Jean Alves da Cunha
between 11 and 13 November 1992 in Vitoria, capital of Espirito Santo state,
in circumstances suggesting official involvement.
On 11 October he and five other street children were detained by four Comisarios
da Justica da Crianca e Adolescente, Justice Officials attached to the Juvenile
Court. They were questioned and released that afternoon. According to the
other five street children, the justice officials returned and detained only
Jean Alves da Cunha at about 8pm that evening. He was never seen alive again.
On the 13 November his body was found dumped on a hill in the city, with two
shots in the head, one through his ear. A forensic specialist examining the
body has affirmed that he believed it to have been a professional killing.
Thirteen year-old Jean Alves da Cunha lived on the streets of Vitoria. He was
a leader in the Movimento Nacional de Meninos e Meninas da Rua, National Movement
of Street Boys and Girls, and was preparing himself and other child delegates
to attend the Movement's Third National Congress in Brasilia 19-22 November.
At a preparatory meeting on 6 November Jean made a recording denouncing the
difficulties of street children trying to reform themselves and break out of
a cycle of crime. In particular he mentioned how police put pressure on them
to commit crimes, and share the proceeds of these crimes with them. He expressed
fears for his own safety because of having made these allegations.
Amnesty International is increasingly concerned about violence against and
killings of street children in large cities in Brazil. Federal Police recorded
4,611 killings of children and adolescents in Brazil between 1988 and 1990.
In February 1992 a Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry published its finding
on 'The Extermination of Minors' and concluded that the participation of civil
and military police in the killings of children and adolescents was "far from
exceptional" and that police killings were the third highest cause of homicide
of children and adolescents. According to the National Street Boys and Girls
Movement there have been 23 killings of children and adolescents in the city
of Vitoria (population 256,000) during 1992.
RECOMMENDED ACTIONS: Please send telegrams/ telexes/ faxes and airmail letters
in Portuguese, English or your own language:
- expressing concern at the killing of Jean Alves da Cunha on 12 November 1992
in circumstances suggesting official involvement;
- urging a full and impartial investigation into the killing and that those
responsible be brought to justice;
- expressing concern for the physical safety of street children in Vitoria,
in the light of their allegations that police have been involved in extortion.
Page 2 of UA 368/92
1. State Governor:
Exmo Sr Governador do Estado
de Espirito Santo
Sr Albuíno Azevedo
Palácio Anchieta
Praça João Climação
29.000 Vitoria, ES, Brazil
Telegrams: Governador Espirito Santo, Vitoria, ES, Brazil
Faxes: + 55 27 222 6030
Telexes: 274050 tgdp br
Salutation: Vossa Excelencia / Your Excellency
2. Secretary of Public Security:
Sr Secretario de Seguranca Pública
Sr José Augusto Bellini
Secretaria de Segurança Pública
Av Governador Bley no, 236
29.000 Vitoria, ES, Brazil
Telegrams: Secretario Seguranca Publica, Espirito Santo, Vitoria, ES,
Faxes: + 55 27 222 6030
Salutation: Sr Secretario / Dear Sir
Street Children's Movement in Vitoria:
Movimento de Meninos e Meninas da Rua
Rua dos Rosarios 244, Sala 303
Praça Costa Pereira
29.016-090 Vitoria, ES, Brazil
Federal Procurator Human Rights Division:
Dr Alvaro Ribeiro da Costa
Sub-Procurador Geral da Republica
Procuradoria Geral Da Republica
Av L Sul, Q.603, no.23,
70.200 Brasília DF, Brazil
and to diplomatic representatives of Brazil accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 5 January 1993.

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