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Further information on UA 17/93 (AFR 57/01/93, 26 January 1993) - Togo: extrajudicial executions and new concern: fear of further extrajudicial executions: 16 people in a peaceful demonstration in Lome, including: Mr Abentey, Kossi Akakpo, Adeoyor Ariound

, N° d'index: AFR 57/002/1993

At least 16 and possibly as many as 24 people were killed when the Togolese security forces opened fire without warning on a peaceful demonstration on 25 January 1993. Over 50 people were reportedly injured. No investigations have been announced into the killings of 25 January. AI fears that further killings may result if the security forces are allowed to act with impunity. There has been an escalation in violent confrontation between the security forces and some opponents of the government. Five civilians, including an 11-year-old child, were reportedly shot dead on 30 January and a soldier and a gendarme have also died. The killings of 30 January are being investigated.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 57/02/93
Distr: UA/SC
5 February 1993
Further information on UA 17/93 (AFR 57/01/93, 26 January 1993) - Extrajudicial
executions and new concern fear of further extrajudicial executions
TOGO:16 people in a peaceful demonstration in Lomé including:
Mr Abentey
Kossi Akakpo
Adeoyor Arioundele
Kokou Blitti
Komlan Olivier Dansou
Mr Dick
Fataou Djibril
Innocent Doh
Akuele Doumassi (female)
Esther Kassekpo (female)
Hospice Kunugna
Late Donne Lawson
Claude Senah
Kokou Guy Tokpli Tete
and Koffi Dolou, a police officer apparently killed by a stray
bullet from a colleague
The 14 civilians and one police officer named above are believed to be among at least
16 and possibly as many as 24 killed during a peaceful demonstration in the capital,
Lomé, on 25 January 1993. The civilians were killed when the Togolese security forces
opened fire on peaceful demonstrators without warning. Amnesty International has
also received the names of over 50 people injured - mostly by live ammunition - during
the events of 25 January 1993. No investigation has been announced into the killings
of 25 January and Amnesty International fears there may be further extrajudicial
executions if the security forces continue to be allowed to act with impunity.
Since 25 January, there has been an escalation in violent confrontation between the
security forces and some civilian opponents of the government, resulting in further
deaths - including the death of one soldier and one gendarme. On 30 January, the
security forces shot dead at least five people, including an 11-year-old child, when
looting and firing indiscriminately at civilians. President Gnassingbé Eyadéma has
reportedly instructed the Minister of Defence to organize a military inquiry into
the violent events of 30 January, and the Procuracy has ordered autopsies to be carried
out on those killed on 25 and 30 January. However, the authorities' failure to
initiate any public investigation into the killings of 25 January - in contrast to
the inquiry announced into the killings of 30 January - suggests that these killings
are condoned by the Presidency.
Amnesty International has called on the Togolese authorities to demonstrate their
commitment to the prevention of further human rights abuses, in line with international
standards and its own responsibilities under national law, by taking urgent steps
to prevent further killings by the security forces. In particular, Amnesty
International has urged the immediate establishment of an impartial investigation
into all recent killings, including those of 25 January, with a view to bringing
to justice any member of the security forces responsible for an unlawful killing.
To ensure that its conclusions are widely known, the report should be made public
and should contain conclusions about whether an abuse of human rights had taken place
and also assess what modifications of procedure or personnel are required to prevent
these abuses recurring.
Page 2 of FU 17/93
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters
in French, English or your own language:
- expressing concern at the extrajudicial execution of at least 16 demonstrators on 25
January at the hands of the security forces;
- noting the escalation in violent confrontation between some civilian government opponents
and the security forces since 25 January - including the killing of at least five people
on 30 January - and expressing fear there may be further extrajudicial executions if the
security forces continue to be allowed to act with impunity;
- acknowledging the announcement of an internal inquiry into the events of 30 January,
but expressing deep concern at the failure of the authorities to order an investigation
into the extrajudicial executions of 25 January 1993;
- urging the Togolese authorities to immediately organize an independent investigation
into these killings in accordance with international standards, with a view to identifying
those responsible and bringing them to justice;
- calling on the Togolese authorities to ensure that the conclusions of such an
investigation are widely known; the report should be made public and should contain
conclusions about whether an abuse of human rights took place and also assess what
modifications of procedure or personnel are required to prevent the abuse recurring.
APPEALS TO:
1) President:
Son Excellence Monsieur le Général Gnassingbé Eyadéma
Président de la République
Palais présidentiel
Avenue de la Marina, Lomé, Togo
Telegrams: Président de la République, Lomé, Togo
Telexes: 5319; 5419; 5201 TMS THG
Faxes: + 228 21 18 97, + 228 21 32 04
Salutation: Monsieur le Président / Dear President
2) Chief of Army Staff:
Monsieur le Général de brigade Bassabi Bonfoh
Chef d'Etat-major général
Camp militaire Tokoin
Boulevard des Armées, Lomé, Togo
Telegrams: Chef d'Etat-major, Lomé, Togo
Telexes: 5477 DSFAT
Faxes: + 228 21 11 98
Salutation: Monsieur le Chef d'Etat-Major / Dear Chief of Army Staff
3) Prime Minister:
Monsieur Joseph Kokou Koffigoh
Premier Ministre, Ministre de la Défense
La Primature, Lomé, Togo
Telegrams: Premier Ministre, Lomé, Togo
Faxes: + 228 21 20 40, + 228 21 08 50
Salutation: Monsieur le Premier Ministre / Dear Prime Minister
4) Minister of the Interior:
Monsieur Agbéyomé Kodjo
Ministre de l'Administration territoriale et de la Sécurité
Ministère de l'Administration territoriale et de la Sécurité
Rue Albert Sarrault, Lomé, Togo
Telegrams: Ministre de l'Administration territoriale et de la Securité, Lomé, Togo
Salutation: Monsieur le Ministre / Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Commissioner of Police:
M. le Commissaire de police Baba
Commissariat central, Lomé, Togo
and to diplomatic representatives of Togo accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 19 March 1993.

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