Sudan: The ravages of war: political killings and humanitarian disaster
War has displaced nearly three million people from their homes, and there has been deliberate destruction wrought on the rural population by all sides, exploiting ethnic ties and encouraging communal strife. In the Nuba mountains, the government have forcibly cleared people from their homes, re-settling them in so-called "peace villages". This policy has led to thousands of extrajudicial executions, rape, arbitrary detention, torture and "disappearances". In Juba, hundreds of civilians, soldiers, police and members of other paramilitary forces "disappeared" after the military restored control after incursions by the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA). Factions of the SPLA have also been responsible for violations against civilians and in ethnic rivalry within the SPLA itself.