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UA 428/91 - Sudan: legal concern / torture: Ali al-Mahi al-Sakhi, Muawia Umran, Abdel Aziz Dafalla, Abul Hassan

, N° d'index: AFR 54/026/1991

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 54/26/91
Distr: UA/SC
UA 428/91 Legal Concern/Torture 6 December 1991
SUDAN Ali al-Mahi al-Sakhi - trade unionist
Muawia Umran - worker
Abdel Aziz Dafalla - employee of an insurance company
Abul Hassan
Ali al-Mahi al-Sakhi, a foundry worker who is
the president of the banned Sudan Mint Workers'
trade union, and Mauwia Umran, a worker, were
reportedly arrested for political reasons in
the third week of November 1991 in Khartoum.
Two other men, Abdel Aziz Daffala and Abul
Hassan, were reportedly arrested around the same
time, apparently in connection with the
circulation of opposition pamphlets in
Khartoum. All four men are believed to be held
without charge or trial in secret detention
centres, known in Sudan as "ghost houses".
There is serious concern that Ali al-Mahi
al-Sakhi, Abdel Aziz Dafalla, Abul Hassan and
Muawia Umran are at risk of torture, which is
routine in "ghost houses". Amnesty
International has been able to confirm the
torture in "ghost houses" of more than 60 people
arrested since November 1989 by members of a
security force known as "the Security of the
Revolution". One of their victims, Ali Fadul,
a medical doctor, is reported to have died as
a result of torture on 22 April 1990 (see UA
164/90, AFR 54/22/90, 25 April 1990). There have
been recent reports that prisoners arrested in
late August 1991 in connection with an alleged
coup attempt were hung by their wrists,
routinely whipped and beaten with rubber
After the current Sudan Government came to power
in a military coup on 30 June 1989, Ali al-Mahi
al-Sakhi was arrested on 22 November 1989 and
held without charge or trial until his release
under an amnesty of 300 political prisoners in
April 1991.
Ali al-Mahi al-Sakhi
On 30 April 1991 the Sudan Government responded to international criticism of its human
rights record by announcing an amnesty for "all political prisoners". This led to the
release of 300 prisoners of conscience, many of whom had been detained without charge or
trial since shortly after the 30 June 1989 coup. However not all prisoners of conscience
and political prisoners were in fact freed. There have also been new arrests of government
opponents and a number of those released in the amnesty have since been re-arrested. At
least 40 prisoners of conscience remain in prison. In addition large numbers of people
have been held incommunicado for short periods of time in "ghost houses" where they have
been tortured.
Page 2 of UA 428/91
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters:
- expressing concern at the reported arrest of Ali al-Mahi al-Sakhi, Abdel Aziz Dafalla,
Abul Hassan and Muawia Umran who Amnesty International believes may be prisoners of
- expressing concern at reports of their continuing detention without charge or trial
in "ghost houses" and fear that they may be being tortured;
- seeking assurances that they are being humanely treated and that they have access to
their families, lawyers and any necessary medical attention;
- urging that they be immediately and unconditionally released unless they are to be charged
with a recognizably criminal offence and brought promptly to trial.
1) His Excellency Lieutenant General Your Excellency
Omar Hassan al-Bashir
Head of State and Chairman of the NSRCC
People's Palace
PO Box 281
Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Lt Gen Omar Hassan al-Bashir, Khartoum, Sudan
Telex: 22385 PEPLC SD or 22411 KAID SD
2) Brigadier-General al-Zubeir Mohamed Saleh Dear Brigadier-General Deputy Prime
Minister, Minister of the Interior
and Deputy Chairman of the NSRCC
People's Palace
PO Box 281
Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Brig-Gen al-Zubeir Mohamed Saleh, Khartoum, Sudan
Telex: 22842 WZARA SD or 22604 IPOL SD
3) Brigadier Ahmad Mahmoud Hassan Dear Brigadier
Minister of Justice and Attorney-General
Ministry of Justice
Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Brig Ahmad Mahmoud Hassan, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22459 KHRJA SD or 22461 KHRJA SD (via Ministry of Foreign
Mr Jalal Ali Lutfi
Chief Justice
Law Courts
Khartoum, Sudan
Mr Ali Sahloul
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
PO BOX 873
Khartoum, Sudan
and to diplomatic representatives of Sudan in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 17 January 1992.

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