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UA 400/91 - Sudan: death penalty / legal concern: Ibrahim Dubara Mongho

, N° d'index: AFR 54/022/1991

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 54/22/91
Distr: UA/SC
UA 400/91 Death Penalty/Legal Concern 15 November 1991
SUDAN Ibrahim Dubara Mongho
Amnesty International has learnt that on 9 November 1991 Ibrahim Dubara Mongho was
hanged in public in El-Fashir, the capital of the state of Darfur. His execution
was carried out in the presence of the Darfur State Governor, Colonel al-Tayib Ibrahim
Mohamed Khair, other officials and citizens of El Fashir.
Ibrahim Dubara Mongho had been convicted of killing 20 people during an armed attack
on a village and of stealing camels, horses and cattle. No information is available
about the trial except that four other people accused of the same crimes as Ibrahim
Dubara Mongho were apparently released for lack of evidence. However, it is not
known whether the five men were allowed proper legal representation at their trial
or whether Ibrahim Dubara Mongho had a right of appeal to a higher court.
This is the first known execution of a convicted armed robber since the government
stepped up its military operations against what it calls "armed bandits" in the state
of Darfur in August 1991. Amnesty International is concerned about the fate of eight
other men sentenced to death by hanging and crucifixion after being convicted of
armed robbery and firearms offences in El Fashir in October 1991 (See UA 373/91,
AI Index AFR 54/21/91 and UA 349/91, AI Index AFR 54/18/91). It is not known whether
these sentences have yet been carried out. Amnesty International has also learnt
that a further two men convicted of armed robbery in the Darfur state are also in
danger of imminent execution.
At least 120 people whom the government has accused of being armed robbers have been
arrested in the last couple of months during military operations in Darfur and are
expected to be brought to trial in the near future. Darfur has been the scene of
complex intercommunal strife and frequent armed robberies for several years, a
situation which has been exacerbated by conflict in neighbouring Chad, but which
also involves acts of rebellion against the authorities in Khartoum. There have
been reports of attacks by the army on villages of both the Fur and Zaghawa peoples
in Darfur. The government has indicated that its military operations are against
what it calls "armed bandits". However, there have been persistent reports of
indiscriminate attacks on villages and of the extrajudicial execution of civilians.
In August 1991 Colonel al-Tayib Ibrahim Mohamed Khair, formerly Minister of Cabinet
Affairs, was appointed Regional Governor of Darfur. Since his appointment military
operations in the area have intensified and there have been reports of renewed
operations involving attacks by the army on villages occupied by the Zaghawa.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/express and airmail letters:
- expressing grave concern that Ibrahim Dubara Mongho was executed;
- explaining Amnesty International's opposition to the death penalty in all cases
as a violation of the right of life and the right not to be subjected to cruel, inhuman
and degrading treatment or punishment, as proclaimed in the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights;
- seeking information about the trial he received referring to basic safeguards
adopted by the United Nations in May 1984 to protect the rights of anyone facing
the death penalty, one of which stipulates that anyone sentenced to death should
have the right of appeal to a higher court;
Page 2 of UA 400/91
- expressing concern that public executions may brutalise the general public in
its reaction to crime rather than deterring serious crime and calling on the government
to end public executions;
- urging the government to commute the other 10 death sentences passed by courts
in El Fashir since October 1991.
1) His Excellency Lieutenant General Your Excellency
Omar Hassan al-Bashir
Head of State and Chairman of the NSRCC
People's Palace
PO Box 281, Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Lt Gen Omar Hassan al-Bashir, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22385 PEPLC SD or 22411 KAID SD
2) Brigadier-General al-Zubeir Mohamed Saleh Dear Brigadier-General
Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of the Interior and
Deputy Chairman of the NSRCC
People's Palace, PO Box 281
Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Brig-Gen al-Zubeir Mohamed Saleh, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22842 WZARA SD or 22604 IPOL SD
3) Brigadier Ahmad Mahmoud Hassan Dear Brigadier
Minister of Justice and Attorney-General
Ministry of Justice, Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Brig Ahmad Mahmoud Hassan, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22459 KHRJA SD or 22461 KHRJA SD (via Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Colonel al-Tayib Ibrahim Mohamed Khair
Darfur Governor
c/o National Salvation Revolution Command Council
People's Palace
PO BOX 281, Khartoum
Mr Jalal Ali Lufti
Chief Justice
Law Courts
Mr Ali Sahloul
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
and to diplomatic representatives of Sudan in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your
section office, if sending appeals after 27 December 1991.

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