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UA 373/92 - Equatorial Guinea: fear of extrajudicial execution / torture: Alfredo Bijuan and 40 students

, N° d'index: AFR 24/013/1992

AI is concerned about Alfredo Bijuan, in hiding following reports that the security forces have instructions to kill him. He is a member of the Union de Trabajadores y Estudiantes (UTE) in Bata and was prominent in a student demonstration in Bata on 24 November 1992. Forty students were arrested in connection with the reportedly peaceful demonstration. All were reportedly tortured, some severely. They included a woman who was eight months pregnant. They were released on the evening of 24 November. Scores of arrests of suspected dissidents have been reported. At least one person has been reportedly extrajudicially killed by the security forces in the past week.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 24/13/92
Distr: UA/SC
UA 373/92 Fear of Extrajudicial Execution/Torture 27 November 1992
EQUATORIAL GUINEA: Alfredo Bijuán
and 40 students
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of Alfredo Bijuán following
reports from a variety of sources that the security forces are under instructions
to kill him.
Alfredo Bijuán is a member of the Union de Trabajadores y Estudiantes (UTE),
Workers and Students Union, in Bata, the capital Equatorial Guinea's mainland
province of Río Muni. Although not a leader of the UTE, he was prominent in
a student demonstration in Bata on 24 November 1992. He is reportedly in hiding.
In recent days the security forces, who are accustomed to acting with impunity,
are reported have carried out scores of arrests in various parts of the country.
They are especially, but not exclusively, targeting anyone suspected of
political dissent. At least one person has been arbitrarily killed by security
personnel in the past week.
The student demonstration in Bata was reportedly peaceful. It was held outside
the police headquarters but the precise purpose of the demonstration is not
yet known to Amnesty International. Forty students were arrested. All were
reported to have been tortured, some of them severely. They included one who
was eight-months pregnant. The female students were said to have been made
to dance naked in front of security officers. A male student became unconscious
as a result of the torture. The 40 students were reportedly released from police
custody in the evening of 26 November. Alfredo Bujián is still being sought
by the police.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Equatorial Guinea became a multi-party state in January 1992 when laws
permitting political parties and freedom of assembly and demonstration were
passed. Previously the only party allowed was the ruling Partido Democrático
de Guinea Ecuatorial (PDGE), Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea. Under the
law on freedom of assembly, official permission is required for any gathering
of over 10 people and the organizers of the gatherings or demonstrations can
be imprisoned for crimes committed by other participants. Despite the passage
of these laws, throughout 1992 scores of people have been briefly detained
in Equatorial Guinea for taking part in political meetings and in
demonstrations.
Equatorial Guinea became party to the African Charter on Human and Peoples'
Rights in 1986 and to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
in 1987.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in Spanish, English or in your own language:
- expressing concern about reports that the security forces are under
instruction to find and kill Alfredo Bujián;
- urging the authorities to issue clear public instructions to the security
forces that human rights violations such as arbitrary killings and torture
of prisoners will not be tolerated;
Page 2 of UA 373/92
- expressing concern about reports that 40 students arrested on 24 November
1992, including several women one of whom was eight-months pregnant, were
severely tortured in police custody;
- calling for a public inquiry into these reports and for anyone found to be
responsible for torture to be brought to justice.
APPEALS TO:
1) President:
Su Exelencia
General de Brigada Teodoro Obiang Nguema
Presidente de la República
Gabinete del Presidente de la República
Malabo, República de Guinea Ecuatorial
Telegrams: Presidente Obiang Nguema, Malabo, República de
Guinea Ecuatorial
Salutation: Su Excelencia/Your Excellency
2) Minister of Justice and Religion:
Su Excelencia
Mariano Nsué Nguema
Ministro de Justicia y Culto
Ministerio de Justicia y Culto
Malabo, República de Guinea Ecuatorial
Telegrams: Ministro de Justicia Nsué Nguema, Malabo,
República de Guinea Ecuatorial
Telexes: 5405 GBNOM 5405 EG
Salutation: Su Excelencia / Your Excellency
3) Minister of Foreign Affairs:
Su Excelencia
Benjamín Mba Ekua Mikó
Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores
Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores
Malabo, República de Guinea Ecuatorial
Telegrams: Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores Mba Ekua,
Malabo, República de Guinea Ecuatorial
Telexes: 5405 GBNOM 5405 EG
Faxes: + 240-9 2320
Salutation: Su Excelencia / Your Excellency
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO: diplomatic representatives of Equatorial Guinea
accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 8 January 1993.

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