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UA 392/91: Angola: Arbitrary killings: at least four people killed including one named Maria (other name unknown); 28 people wounded including: Marta Delfina, Pedro Domingos, Antonio Fernando, Felix Domingos Ginga, Antonio Jose Gomes, Timoteo Alexandre Le

, N° d'index: AFR 12/008/1991

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 12/08/91
Distr: UA/SC
UA 392/91 Arbitrary killings 12 November 1991
ANGOLA: Killed: at least four people including one
named Maria (other name unknown)
Wounded: 28 people including:
Marta Delfina, a woman
Pedro Domingos
António Fernando, 15 years old
Felix Domingos Ginga
António José Gomes, 17 years old
Timóteo Alexandre Lelo
Afonso Macosso, 12 years old
José Mambona
Inácio Bento Mandingo, a 25-year-old teacher
Francisco Padi, 18 years old
Alfredo Poba
At least four people are reported to have been shot dead by government soldiers during
demonstrations in Cabinda province calling for self-determination for this Angolan enclave
situated between the Republics of the Congo and Zaire.
Demonstrations organized by the Frente para a Libertação do Enclave de Cabinda (FLEC),
Front for the Liberation of Cabinda, took place on Saturday and Sunday, 9 and 10 November
1991. Independent sources report that at least four people were killed and many others
were wounded. Sources close to FLEC said that on Saturday, soon after the demonstration
began, a local government official shot into the crowd but no one was killed or injured.
On the next day the demonstration continued, reportedly peacefully, but a detachment of
government soldiers and armoured cars summoned to Cabinda city opened fire on the
demonstrators, allegedly killing at least 16 people and injuring 28 others, seven of them
seriously. The same sources said that 12 bodies were taken to the mortuary, but at least
four other people died and their bodies were then taken home by their families.
Amnesty International has been unable to obtain the names of the dead, except for
the first name, Maria, of a woman who is said to have died after she was hit by a bullet
which entered her house. The wounded are said to include Inácio Bento Mandingo, a 25-year-old
teacher who was shot in the back, and Alfredo Poba, who was shot as he was passing the
Military Procurator's Office in the middle of Cabinda city, António JoGomes, a 17-year-old
who received shrapnel wounds in his legs, and three other youths.
There are a number of Cabindan separatist groups, including different factions of FLEC,
some of which are engaged in armed opposition to the government, while others have not
used or advocated violence. It is not clear which groups were involved in the demonstrations
on 9 and 10 November.
The right to demonstrate peacefully was included among amendments made to the Angolan
Constitution in March 1991 and a law governing this right was passed in May 1991.
Since a peace agreement was signed in May 1991 between the government and the largest
armed opposition group in Angola, the União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola
(UNITA), National Union for the Total Independence of Angola, both the government and UNITA
have said that they would be prepared to grant autonomy to Cabinda. However, Cabindan
opposition groups have continued to press their demands for greater self-determination
and a larger share of Cabinda's oil revenues.
page 2 of UA 392/91
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/airmail letters:
- expressing concern about reports that at least four and possibly as many as 16 civilians
were shot dead and dozens of others were wounded by soldiers during a reportedly peaceful
demonstration in Cabinda on 10 November 1991;
- requesting clarification of these reports;
- saying that, while recognizing the responsibility of the authorities to maintain law
and order, it appears that the security forces used excessive, indiscriminate and lethal
force against unarmed civilian demonstrators;
- explaining that such killings are a serious violation of human rights, both of the right
to freedom of assembly and to freedom of expression and of the right to life;
- calling for a thorough, independent and impartial inquiry into the reports, for the findings
of the inquiry to be made public and for those responsible for any unlawful killings to
be brought to justice.
1. President of the Republic:
Sua Excelência
José Eduardo dos Santos Your
Gabinete da Presidência
da República
Palácio do Povo
Luanda, República Popular de Angola
Telegrams: Presidente da Republica,
Luanda, Angola
Telexes: 3072 lugol an
3345 gab pres an
2. Minister of Foreign Affairs:
Sua Excelência
Pedro Castro van Dunem "Loy"
Your Excellency
Ministro das Relações Exteriores
Ministério das Relações Exteriores
Luanda, República Popular de Angola
Telegrams: Ministro van Dunem, Ministerio
Relacoes Exteriores, Luanda, Angola
Telexes: 3127 or 3128 mirex an
3. Minister of Defence:
Sua Excelência Excelência
Pedro Maria Tonha "Pedale" Your Excellency
Ministro da Defesa
Ministério da Defesa
Rua Silva Carvalho
Luanda, República Popular de Angola
Telegrams: Ministro Tonha, Ministerio Defesa, Luanda, Angola
Telexes: 3138 def an
Provincial Governor (female):
Sua Excelência
Maria Mambo Café
Província de Cabinda
Cabinda, República Popular de Angola
and to diplomatic representatives of Angola in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 15 December 1991.

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