EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 12/08/91
UA 392/91 Arbitrary killings 12 November 1991
ANGOLA: Killed: at least four people including one
named Maria (other name unknown)
Wounded: 28 people including:
Marta Delfina, a woman
António Fernando, 15 years old
Felix Domingos Ginga
António José Gomes, 17 years old
Timóteo Alexandre Lelo
Afonso Macosso, 12 years old
Inácio Bento Mandingo, a 25-year-old teacher
Francisco Padi, 18 years old
At least four people are reported to have been shot dead by government soldiers during
demonstrations in Cabinda province calling for self-determination for this Angolan enclave
situated between the Republics of the Congo and Zaire.
Demonstrations organized by the Frente para a Libertação do Enclave de Cabinda (FLEC),
Front for the Liberation of Cabinda, took place on Saturday and Sunday, 9 and 10 November
1991. Independent sources report that at least four people were killed and many others
were wounded. Sources close to FLEC said that on Saturday, soon after the demonstration
began, a local government official shot into the crowd but no one was killed or injured.
On the next day the demonstration continued, reportedly peacefully, but a detachment of
government soldiers and armoured cars summoned to Cabinda city opened fire on the
demonstrators, allegedly killing at least 16 people and injuring 28 others, seven of them
seriously. The same sources said that 12 bodies were taken to the mortuary, but at least
four other people died and their bodies were then taken home by their families.
Amnesty International has been unable to obtain the names of the dead, except for
the first name, Maria, of a woman who is said to have died after she was hit by a bullet
which entered her house. The wounded are said to include Inácio Bento Mandingo, a 25-year-old
teacher who was shot in the back, and Alfredo Poba, who was shot as he was passing the
Military Procurator's Office in the middle of Cabinda city, António José Gomes, a 17-year-old
who received shrapnel wounds in his legs, and three other youths.
There are a number of Cabindan separatist groups, including different factions of FLEC,
some of which are engaged in armed opposition to the government, while others have not
used or advocated violence. It is not clear which groups were involved in the demonstrations
on 9 and 10 November.
The right to demonstrate peacefully was included among amendments made to the Angolan
Constitution in March 1991 and a law governing this right was passed in May 1991.