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UA 220/91 - Turkey: fear of torture: Selahattin Cengiz, disabled, Haili Bardu, Sukru Kil

, Índice: EUR 44/089/1991

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/89/91
Distr: UA/SC
UA 220/91 Fear of Torture 28 June 1991
TURKEY: Selahattin Cengiz, aged 13, disabled
Halil Bardu
_ükrü Kil
Detentions of villagers are continuing in the Pervari/Siirt region of southeast Turkey
because the villagers are suspected of providing food and shelter to Kurdish guerrillas
fighting in the area (see Urgent Action 382/90, AI Index EUR 44/132/90, 21 September 1990
and follow-up EUR 44/143/91, 9 October 1990).
On 23 June 1991 the three people named above were detained by the gendarmerie in the
village of Erkent near Pervari. The village does not provide and accept so-called village
protectors and is, therefore, continually searched by the security forces. Village
protectors are villagers who are armed and paid by the authorities to fight the guerrillas.
Selahattin Cengiz is about 13 years old and has a severe curvature of the spine. His
father used to be a grocer until all grocery shops in the village were closed by the
authorities because of suspicions that provisions would be passed on to the guerrillas.
Any food or groceries coming into the village are monitored and registered at the nearby
gendarmerie post in Do_anca (accent on g). During the search of the Cengiz house, shoes
which were stock left over after closure of the shop were found. In this very rugged area,
shoes are considered by the authorities to be a particularly important necessity for the
guerrillas. As no other members of the family were at home, Selahattin Cengiz was detained
and taken to Do_anca gendarmerie station together with the other two men who had also been
detained in the village that day. They were later transferred to the Gendarmerie Headquarters
in Pervari. It is feared that they may be interrogated under torture. The security forces
are reportedly searching for another five villagers.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Turkey has a Kurdish ethnic minority which is estimated to number some 10 million people.
Any activity for a separate Kurdish political or cultural identity is punishable under
Turkish law. The Kurdish population lives mainly in southeastern Turkey. Frequent
allegations of torture and ill-treatment have been received from the region and the number
of torture allegations increased substantially after the 1980 military coup. Since August
1984, when Kurdish guerrillas - members of the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK) - started armed
attacks, an alarming number of reports of ill-treatment of detainees by the security forces
have come from the eastern and southeastern provinces, where more than 2000 lives so far
have been lost in the continuing fighting. A State of Emergency is in force in ten provinces
and an additional three provinces have been placed under the authority of the Emergency
Legislation Governor in Diyarbakir.
In May 1990 the Turkish government issued Decrees 424 and 425 (in December replaced
by Decree 430), further extending the already extraordinary powers of the Emergency
Legislation Governor.
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Turkey ratified the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture on 25 February
1988 and the UN Convention Against Torture on 2 August 1988. However, all information
available to Amnesty International indicates that torture is still
3
page 2 of UA 220/91
widespread and systematic in Turkey. Allegations of torture have continued since the transfer
of power to a civilian government in 1983. Most allegations relate to ill-treatment of
detainees in police custody during their initial interrogation when they are usually denied
access to relatives or a lawyer. In August 1990, the government derogated from Articles
5, 6, 8, 10, 11 and 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights, all of which contain
important safeguards for human rights. Under current legislation the maximum detention
period before being formally charged or released is 24 hours; in cases involving three
or more suspects or due to the 'nature of the crime' it may be extended to 15 days. This
period may be further extended to 30 days in areas under emergency legislation or martial
law. Emergency legislation is currently in force in ten provinces, including Siirt.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters:
- urging that Selahattin Cengiz, Halil Bardu and _ükrü Kil are given prompt access to
their families, which is particularly important in the case of a detained minor, and that
they are not ill-treated while in detention;
- requesting to be informed of any charges against them.
APPEALS TO
Governor of Siirt province:
Mr Atilla Koç
Siirt Valisi
Siirt, Turkey
Telegrams: Siirt Valisi, Siirt, Turkey
Telexes: 72313 SRVT TR telex
Faxes: +90 8441 2760
Prime Minister Mesut Yilmaz
Office of the Prime Minister
Ba_bakanlik
06573 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Prime Minister, Ankara,
Turkey
Telexes: 44061/44062/44063 bbmt tr
42099 basb tr
42875 bbk tr
Faxes: +90 41 17 04 76 PRIME
MINISTER
+90 42 30 88 96 (attn: Prime
Minister)
Minister of the Interior:
Mr Abdülkadir Aksu
Içi_leri Bakanli_i
06644 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara,
Turkey
Telexes: 46369 ICSL TR
Faxes: +90 4 118 1795
+90 4 125 6520 (Ministry of
Interior)
Emergency Legislation Governor:
Mr Hayri Kozakçio_lu
Ola_anüstü Hal Valisi
Diyarbakir, Turkey
Telegrams: Olaganustu Hal Valisi,
Diyarbakir, Turkey
Telexes: 72110 OHVT TR
72084 DYVA TR "please
forward to the Governor"
72090 JASY TR
Faxes: +90 831 26174
COPIES TO: - Diplomatic representatives of Turkey in your country;
President of Parliamentary Human Rights Commission:
Mr Eyüp A_ik
Insan Haklari Ara_tirma Komisyonu Ba_kani
TBMM
Ankara, Turkey
4
Faxes: +90 4 11 91 664
+90 4 42 06 941
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 8 August 1991.

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