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EXTRA 57/92 - Turkey: fear of torture / torture: Murtaza Gok, Ali Seyidi Gok, Haydar Cuce, Mustafa Cuce, Cevdet Demir, Apo..., Mehmet... (surnames unknown), Abidin Tasci, Riza Gok, Ozcan... (surname unknown), Ibrahim Coskun, and Ali Sigirtmac, Efendi Oner

, Índice: EUR 44/055/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/55/92
Distr: UA/SC
EXTRA 57/92 Fear of Torture/Torture 26 June 1992
TURKEY: From Domuzdere village:
Murtaza Gök, headman
Ali Seyidi Gök
Haydar Cüce
Mustafa Cüce
Cevdet Demir
Apo... surname unknown
Mehmet ... surname unknown
Abidin Ta_ç_
R_za Gök
Özcan ... surname unknown
From K_z_lc_ksuyu village:
_brahim Co_kun
and Ali S___rtmaç, a 65-year-old farmer ) released
Efendi Öner )
One week ago there was a clash between security forces and Kurdish Worker's Party
(PKK) guerrillas near the village of Karaömer, Göksün, in the province of
Kahramanmara_, during which three members of the security forces were killed and
one wounded. On 20 June 1992, approximately 15 people were detained from the nearby
village of Domuzdere and people were also taken into custody from other villages
in the area (including those named above). During the operation the elderly headman
of Domuzdere village was reportedly beaten and dragged by gendarmes through the
village. The detainees were taken for interrogation at Av_in Gendarmerie Post. Two
of the detainees were subsequently released, both were apparently tortured while
in custody. Ali S___rtmaç, a 65-year-old farmer, was released from custody in a coma,
with severe bruising on various parts of his body, and transferred to Kayseri
University Medical Faculty in the care of his brother Hasan S___rtmaç who was also
released. Another released detainee, Efendi Öner, is said to be in very poor health
as a result of torture. Amnesty International is concerned that those who remain
in detention are at great risk of being subjected to torture.
All those detained are Kurds, and members of the Alevi religious minority which has
in the past suffered considerable persecution in the Kahramanmara_ area, where they
are said to constitute approximately 20% of the population.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Turkey has a Kurdish ethnic minority which is estimated to number some 10 million
people, living mainly in southeastern Turkey. Frequent allegations of torture and
ill-treatment have been received from the region. Since August 1984, when guerrillas
of the PKK started armed attacks, an alarming number of reports of ill-treatment
of detainees by the security forces have come from the eastern and southeastern
provinces. More than 3,500 lives have so far been lost on both sides and among the
civilian population in the context of the continuing fighting.
Turkey ratified the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture on 25 February
1988 and the UN Convention Against Torture on 2 August 1988. However, all information
available to Amnesty International indicates that torture is
still widespread and systematic in Turkey. Most allegations relate to ill-treatment
of detainees in police custody during their initial interrogation when they are usually
denied access to relatives or a lawyer. In August 1990, the
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government derogated from Articles 5, 6, 8, 10, 11 and 13 of the European Convention
on Human Rights, all of which contain important safeguards for human rights. Under
current legislation the maximum period a detainee may be held before being formally
charged or released is 24 hours; in cases involving three or more suspects or due
to the `nature of the crime' it may be extended to 15 days.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters:
- expressing concern at reports that Ali S___rtmaç and Efendi Öner, who were arrested
on 20 June 1992 in Av_in, were tortured while in custody at Av_in;
- appealing that the detainees named above may be allowed to see their families
and lawyers and seeking assurances that they are not subjected to any ill-treatment
while being held;
- asking to be informed when they have been released or charged and what the charges
might be.
APPEALS TO
1) Prime Minister:
Mr Süleyman Demirel Salutation: Dear Prime Minister
Office of the Prime Minister
Ba_bakanl_k
06573 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Prime Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 44061/44062/44063 bbmt tr, 42099 basb tr, 42875 bbk tr
Faxes: + 90 4 417 04 76, + 90 4 230 88 96
2) Minister of the Interior:
Mr _smet Sezgin Saluation: Dear Minister
_çi_leri Bakanl___
06644 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 46369 ICSL TR
Faxes: + 90 4 418 1795
3) Commander of Av_in Gendarmerie Post:
Av_in Jandarma Komutanl___ Salutation: Dear Commander
Av_in
Kahramanmara_
Turkey
Telegrams: Av_in Jandarma Komutanl___, Kahramanmara_, Turkey
COPIES TO:
President of the Parliamentary Human Rights Commission:
_nsan Haklar_ Ara_t_rma Komisyonu Ba_kan_
TBMM
Ankara, Turkey
and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey in your country;
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your
section office, if sending appeals after 26 July 1992.

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