• Campañas

EXTRA 40/93 - Turkey: fear of torture: Hasan Durna, Cafer Oral, Gultekin Golcek, Ozcan Ozgen, Saime Bolugiray, Duzgun Gok, Nurettin Topuz, Ayhan Uzala

, Índice: EUR 44/041/1993

The above-named are being held incommunicado at the Anti-Terror Branch of Istanbul Police Headquarters. They were detained in a police operation starting on 22 April 1993. The police have permission to hold them until 7 May and their lawyers have been refused permission to see them. It is feared that they are being tortured in incommunicado detention. Hasna Durna was previously detained in February 1992 and tried on charges of activities within the banned armed organization TKP/ML TIKKO. He escaped from prison in February 1993.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/41/93
Distr: UA/SC
EXTRA 40/93 Fear of Torture 26 April 1993
TURKEY: Hasan Durna
Cafer Oral
Gültekin Gölçek
Özcan Özgen
Saime Bölügiray (female)
Düzgün Gök
Nurettin Topuz
Ayhan Uzala
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of all those named above who are
being held incommunicado at the Anti-Terror Branch of Istanbul Police Headquarters
and it is feared are being interrogated under torture.
All those named above were detained in a police operation in Istanbul starting on
22 April 1993. The prosecutor has given the police permission to hold the detainees
in custody until 7 May, and their lawyers have been refused permission to see their
clients.
Hasan Durna was previously detained in February 1992 (see UA 66/92, EUR 44/24/92
of 21 February 1992), but escaped from prison in Nev_ehir in February 1993. He stood
trial on charges of activities within the illegal armed organization TKP/ML TIKKO
(Turkish Communist Party/Marxist-Leninist - Turkish Workers and Peasants' Liberation
Army).
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Turkey ratified the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture on 25 February
1988 and the UN Convention Against Torture on 2 August 1988. However, all information
available to Amnesty International indicates that torture is still widespread and
systematic in Turkey. Most allegations relate to ill-treatment of detainees in police
custody during their initial interrogation when they are usually denied access to
relatives or a lawyer. New legislation to shorten the maximum detention period came
into force on 1 December 1992. Now the normal maximum period of 24 hours, for which
a non-political detainee may be held before being formally charged or released, may
be extended to eight days in cases of ordinary crimes involving three or more suspects.
Detainees held on suspicion of political offences to be tried in State Security Courts
may be held without charge for 15 days. This period may be extended to 30 days in
provinces under emergency legislation or martial law. Emergency legislation is
currently in force in 10 provinces in the southeast of Turkey.
Following three visits to Turkey to investigate allegations of torture, the European
Committee for the Prevention of Torture (ECPT) of the Council of Europe published
in December 1992 for the first time its findings. The ECPT concluded "that the practice
of torture and other forms of severe ill-treatment of persons in police custody remains
widespread in Turkey and that such methods are applied to both ordinary criminal
suspects and persons held under anti-terrorist provisions".
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters
either in English or in your own language:
- expressing concern for the safety of the eight people named above who have been
detained in Istanbul since 22 April 1993 and are being held at the Anti-Terror Branch
of Istanbul Police Headquarters;
Page 2 of EXTRA 40/93
- noting the findings of the ECPT regarding the practice of torture in Turkey as
published in its recent report;
- seeking assurances that Hasan Durna and his fellow-detainees are not subjected
to torture or any other form of ill-treatment;
- requesting to be informed of any charges brought against them.
APPEALS TO
1) Istanbul Chief of Police:
Mr Necdet Menzir
Istanbul Emniyet Müdürü
_stanbul, Turkey
Telegrams: Emniyet Muduru, Istanbul, Turkey
Telexes: 30811 IEHM TR, 30812 EMMH TR, 26177 IEMT TR
Faxes: + 90 1 526 8100
Salutation: Dear Sir
2) Minister of the Interior:
Mr _smet Sezgin
_çi_leri Bakanl___
06644 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 46369 ICSL TR
Faxes: + 90 4 418 1795
Salutation: Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
President of the Parliamentary Human Rights Commission:
Mr Sabri Yavuz
_nsan Haklar_ Ara_t_rma Komisyonu Ba_kan_
TBMM
Ankara, Turkey
and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey accredited to your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your
section office, if sending appeals after 7 May 1993.

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