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EXTRA 63/93 - Nepal: possible extrajudicial killings / mass arrests / fear of torture: Prem Parajuli, Rita Silpakar, Raja Ram Shakya, Krishna Manandhar, Mahesh Manandhar, Rajesh Bajracharya, Ram Prasad Sapkota, Ashim Rai, Sudama Sapkota, Sagar Tuladhar, B

, Índice: ASA 31/004/1993

There have been reports that at least 12 people have been killed and at least 50 injured during demonstrations, following a strike, in Kathmandu and neighbouring towns between 25 and 28 June 1993. There have also been reports of mass arrests of as many as 300 people, including Prem Parajuli, a human rights activist with the Informal Sector Service Centre (INSEC). Many of those arrested have now been released, but unofficial sources say that 134 remain in detention, and that they have been ill-treated and tortured by police during interrogation. With the exception of Prem Parajuli, all those named above are known to have died. One of those killed, in the town of Patan, was Rita Silpakar, a 24-year-old housewife, who had merely watched the demonstration from the window of her house nearby.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 31/04/93
Distr: UA/SC
This is a limited action. Please send up to 10 appeals per section.
EXTRA 63/93 29 June 1993
Possible extra-judicial killings/Mass arrests/Fear of torture
NEPAL:
Prem Parajuli Ashim Rai
Rita Silpakar (female), 24 Sudama Sapkota
Raja Ram Shakya, 30 Sagar Tuladhar
Krishna Manandhar, 35 Bharat Tuladhar
Mahesh Manandhar Mohit Krishna Bainjn
Rajesh Bajracharya Manoj Gautam Sapkota
Ram Prasad Sapkota
Amnesty International is concerned at reports that at least 12 people have been killed
by police and at least 50 injured, during demonstrations, following a strike, which took
place in Kathmandu and neighbouring towns between 25 and 28 June 1993. Amnesty International
is further concerned at reports of large numbers of arrests, including that of Prem Parajuli,
a human rights activist. Reportedly, those arrested have been both ill-treated and tortured
during interrogation. The government has stated that seven people were shot dead in Kathmandu
Valley when police opened fire on demonstrations which had turned violent, and 300 people
were arrested. Unofficial sources say that nine people were shot dead in Kathmandu and
three in the neighbouring town of Patan and that many more than 300 people were arrested.
One of those killed in Patan was Rita Silpakar, a 24-year-old housewife, who had not been
participating in the demonstration but had been watching from the window of her house nearby.
With the exception of Prem Parajuli, all those named above are also known to have been
killed.
Prem Parajuli, a member of staff of the human rights organization, Informal Sector Service
Centre (INSEC), went to observe what was happening at the demonstration on 25 June when
the police intervened and was arrested. It has been unofficially reported that he is being
held at a detention centre at the Mahendra Police Club. It has been reported that many
of the 300 people who were arrested have now been released after questioning. However,
unofficial sources say that 134 remain in detention and that they have been ill-treated
and tortured by police during interrogation.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
A strike had been organized by the Communist Party of Nepal (United Marxist and Leninist)
(CPN-UML), the country's main opposition party, to urge the government of Nepal to form
a Commission of Investigation headed by the sitting Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
of Nepal, to investigate a jeep accident on 16 May 1993 which resulted in the deaths of
Madan Bhandari, General Secretary of the CPN-UML and Jeev Raj Ashrit, a member of the party's
Standing Committee. Although the government had formed a one-man commission to investigate
the accident and had produced a report, the CPN was not satisfied with the findings and
requested the government to institute a further commission of investigation, because it
believes Madan Bhandari may have been the victim of a political killing.
The left-wing opposition parties have combined in calling for the resignation of Prime
Minister Girija Prasad Koirala and pledged to continue their campaign of mass protests.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes and airmail letters either in
English or in your own language:
- expressing grave concern that at least 12 people have reportedly been killed in
demonstrations in the Kathmandu Valley, asking for the government to institute an independent
commission of inquiry to investigate the killings, and urging the authorities to exercise
utmost restraint in the face of any further demonstrations;
- expressing concern that at least 300 people are believed to have been arrested and urging
that those detained be either released immediately and unconditionally or charged and tried
promptly under ordinary criminal law;
- requesting the government immediately to release Prem Parajuli, a human rights activist
who was arrested when he went to the scene of the demonstration on 25 June at 6pm to collect
information;
- urging that those detained be treated humanely and given access immediately to a lawyer,
doctor and their relatives;
- urging that any reports of ill-treatment or torture of detainees be investigated and
those responsible brought to justice.
APPEALS TO:
1) Prime Minister:
Girija Prasad Koirala
Prime Minister
Cabinet Secretariat
Singha Durbar
Kathmandu, Nepal
Telegrams: Prime Minister, Koirala, Kathmandu, Nepal
Faxes: + 977 1 228555
Salutation: Dear Prime Minister
2) Minister of Home Affairs:
Sher Bahadur Deupa
Minister of Home Affairs
Singha Durbar
Kathmandu, Nepal
Telegrams: Minister Home Affairs, Deupa, Kathmandu, Nepal
Faxes: + 977 1 416016 (Care of Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Please write, "Please forward
to Minister of Home Affairs".)
Telexes: 2224 (Care of Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Please write, "Please forward to
Ministry of Home Affairs".)
Salutation: Dear Minister
3) Minister of Law and Justice:
Maheshwor Prasad Singh
Minister of Law & Justice
Ministry of General Administration
Singha Durbar
Kathmandu, Nepal
Telegrams: Minister Law and Justice Singh, Kathmandu, Nepal
Faxes: + 977 1 416016 (Care of Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Please write, "Please forward
to Minister of Law and Justice".)
Telexes: 2224 (Care of Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Please write, "Please forward to
Minister of Law and Justice".)
Salutations: Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
The Co-ordinator
INSEC
GPO Box 2726
Kathmandu, Nepal
and to diplomatic representatives of Nepal accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 16 July 1993.

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