Afghanistan: Continuing need for protection and standards for return of Afghan refugees.
Amnesty International has serious concerns about the situation in Afghanistan. Insecurity, including ongoing areas of conflict, crime and banditry, factional fighting between warlords, human rights abuses of women, the presence of landmines and unexploded ordinance, and the continued bombing campaign by US led coalition forces, all present clear dangers to returning refugees. This position paper outlines standards which Amnesty International considers essential for sustainable, safe and dignified return. In addition, it provides guidance on requirements for maintaining legal status and access to durable solutions, assessing "substantial change" in the context of refugee status determination procedures, handling cases of persons granted complementary forms of protection and, finally, obligations in relation to rejected asylum seekers.