EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 51/114/92
Please bring this action to the attention of the person responsible for outreach work in
your section. Appeals from religious organizations and Canadians are considered to be
24 August 1992
Further information on EXTRA 25/92 (AMR 51/33/92, 9 March 1992), and follow-ups AMR 51/37/92,
16 March 1992; AMR 51/44/92, 30 March 1992; AMR 51/51/92, 10 April 1992; AMR 51/62/92,
5 May 1992, AMR 51/74/92, 5 June 1992; AMR 51/95/92, 6 August 1992, and AMR 51/97/92, 24
August 1992 - Death Penalty
USA (Texas) Joseph FAULDER (Canadian)
Joseph Faulder, who was scheduled to be executed by the state of Texas, USA, on 23 October
1992, has had his execution date postponed to 4 December 1992. This is the sixth execution
date that Joseph Faulder has received this year, and is considered to be extremely serious.
For full details of Joseph Faulder's case, refer to the original action and follow-ups
As of August 1992, there were 356 prisoners under sentence of death in Texas. Ten prisoners
have been executed in the state so far this year, the most recent being James Demouchette
on 21 September 1992. The method of execution is lethal injection.
Clemency has not been granted to any prisoner under sentence of death in Texas since the
death penalty was reintroduced there in the mid-1970s. Under Texas' clemency rules, the
governor may commute a death sentence only if she receives a favourable recommendation
from a majority of the 18-member Board of Pardons and Paroles. The Board has convened
only rarely to consider petitions for clemency, (to Amnesty International's knowledge,
the Board met once in 1987, and once in 1992). Their reluctance to hold full clemency
hearings is a matter of great concern to Amnesty International.
Twenty-seven prisoners have been executed in the USA so far this year; the highest number
of executions in any one year since the death penalty was reinstated in 1976.
Research conducted in different countries has failed to reveal convincing evidence that
the death penalty deters serious crime more effectively than other punishments. No decline
in homicides has been identifiable in those US states which now execute prisoners on a
regular basis. In its annual national crime report, released in August 1992, the Federal
Bureau of Investigation (FBI) reported that violent crime in Texas had increased during
1991 over the previous year by almost three times as much as that of the nation as a whole
during the same period. Five prisoners were executed in Texas in 1991.