Sudan: Empty promises ? Human rights violations in government - controlled areas
The Machakos Protocol, signed on 20 July 2002 by the government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement / Army, the main armed opposition group in the south of the country, and promising a future peace agreement, gave a new hope to the people of Sudan. Today, peace negotiations are continuing under the auspices of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD, a regional grouping of Eastern African governments) and international mediators - in particular the United States, the United Kingdom and Norway - in order to find an end to a civil war in the southern Sudan which has lasted much of the past 45 years since Sudan's independence. This Amnesty International report is primarily about human rights violations by government security forces and the administration of justice in the areas under the control of the government of Sudan. It also looks at human rights violations in the context of the emerging conflict in the Darfur region, western Sudan. The report highlights the continuing existence of human rights violations in government-controlled areas, despite promises by the Sudanese authorities. ( incommunicado detention, torture, unfair trials, restrictions on freedoms of expression and assembly, restrictions on women's rights, harassment of human rights defenders and representat ives of the civil society in northern Sudan and above all, the impunity enjoyed by the Sudanese security services ) Amnesty International calls on the Sudanese government to implement all the recommendations set out in this report and to comply with its obligations under international human rights and humanitarian law. The organization further calls on the mediators in the Sudan peace process to make human rights for all Sudanese a core component of the future of Sudan.