Turkmenistan

  • Campaigns
  • Ethiopia
  • Detention

Further information on UA 364/92 (AFR 25/07/92, 20 November) - Ethiopia: legal concern / fear of ill-treatment: Arega Kitata, Tilahun Hirpassa, Wolde-Yesus Mengesha, Haile Legesse and large numbers of others from the Oromo ethnic group

Haile Legesse, arrested in November 1992, has been released. Arega Kitata, arrested on 7 November 1992, has been detained for "illegal possession of arms"; Wolde-Yesus Mengesha has been detained allegedly "after being apprehended in the course of committing a crime". No details are available about Tilahun Hirpassa or the others arrested. No judicial proceedings have commenced against any of the above-mentioned detainees.

Date:
5 January 1993
Ref:
AFR 25/002/1993
  • Campaigns
  • Ethiopia
  • Detention

UA 01/93 - Ethiopia: possible extrajudicial execution / legal concern: student demonstrators in Addis Ababa

Ethiopian security forces reportedly shot dead at least seven students on 4 January 1993 during a peaceful demonstration of over 1 000 students of Addis Ababa University. The students were protesting about UN involvement as observers in the independence referendum to be held in Eritrea in April. Over 100 students were reportedly injured, two of whom apparently died later in hospital. The demonstration had been declared illegal by the authorities.

Date:
5 January 1993
Ref:
AFR 25/001/1993
  • Campaigns
  • Ethiopia
  • Detention

UA 364/92 - Ethiopia: legal concern / fear of ill-treatment: Arega Kitata, Tilahun Hirpassa, Wolde-Yesus Mengesha, Haile Legesse and large numbers of others from the Oromo ethnic group

The four people named above are among many members of the Oromo ethnic group detained in recent weeks. All four are being held incommunicado and without any charge; they appear to be detained for alleged links with the Oromo Liberation Front, currently in a state of virtual war with the transitional government of Ethiopia. Arega Kitata is reportedly held in a secret "safe house". Tilahun Hirpassa (previously detained under the Mengistu regime), Wolde-Yesus Mengesha and Haile Legesse are reportedly held in Ambo Prison.

Date:
20 November 1992
Ref:
AFR 25/007/1992
  • Research
  • Thailand
  • Killings and Disappearances

Weekly Update Service 21/92 (includes addition)

1. People's Republic of China: Thousands remain in detention three years after the Tiananmen Square massacre. 2. Thailand: AI welcomes release of protestors, repeats its call for a full investigation into killings of demonstrators by the military. 3. USA: Roger Coleman executed in Virginia. 4. Cambodia: AI delegation visits Cambodia. 5. Nepal: AI calls for further human rights safeguards. 6. Indonesia / East Timor: Human rights activists convicted of subversion.

Date:
27 May 1992
Ref:
NWS 11/021/1992
  • Research
  • Ethiopia
  • Discrimination

Ethiopia and Eritrea: The human rights agenda

Over 100,000 people were imprisoned and tortured for political reasons during the 17 years of the Mengistu regime. Tens of thousands "disappeared" or were killed. This report updates the May 1991 paper "Ethiopia: End of an era of brutal repression - a new chance for human rights" (AFR 25/05/91). It contains previously unpublished testimonies and photographs gathered on a recent Amnesty International visit.

Date:
1 November 1991
Ref:
AFR 25/009/1991
  • Research
  • Morocco/Western Sahara
  • Detention

Weekly Update Service 27/91

1. Peru: Top level Amnesty International delegation outlines concerns. 2. Ethiopia: Amnesty International visit, 21 to 28 July 1991. 3. Morocco: Amnesty International urges King to release detained military men. 4. El Salvador: AI expresses concern about extradition of Cesar Joya Martinez. 5. Honduras: AI urges president to ensure police and military not given blanket immunity. 6. Kuwait: Update on AI's concerns in post-occupation Kuwait.

Date:
24 August 1991
Ref:
NWS 11/027/1991
  • Research
  • Ethiopia
  • Human Rights Defenders and Activists

Ethiopia: End of an era of brutal repression - a new chance for human rights (includes 11-page summary) (includes correction)

This document describes the massive human rights violations which took place in Ethiopia during the rule of ex-President Mengistu Haile Mariam. Opponents of the Mengistu regime, often members of ethnic groups e. g. Tigrayans, Eritreans or Oromos were subjected to arbitrary arrest and detention, torture, "disappearance" and killing. Conditions in detention centres such as the Maikelawi Mirmera (Central Investigation centre) and the Karchele (Central Prison) in Addis Ababa or the Mariam Gimbi in Asmara are described.

Date:
18 June 1991
Ref:
AFR 25/005/1991
  • Research
  • Ethiopia
  • Discrimination

Medical letter-writing action: Ethiopia: Mulugetta Mosissa, Demissie Kebede, Nagari Fayissa, Nigisti Giorgis, Abdulkadir Hassan Mohamed and Tesfa-Mariam Zeggai

The six prisoners named above are all reported to be in ill-health, some as a result of earlier ill-treatment or torture. They are, apparently, without access to adequate medical attention. Three have been adopted by AI as prisoners of conscience; the status of the others is being investigated. Some of the prisoners have been detained without trial since 1980.

Date:
30 January 1991
Ref:
AFR 25/001/1991