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Execution of man arrested at 16 exposes Iran’s disregard for child rights

Iran has demonstrated its utter disregard for children’s rights by executing a man arrested for a crime committed while he was 16 years old in a brazen violation of international human rights law, said Amnesty International. The man, who has been identified in state media only by the name “Asqar”, was sentenced to death by public hanging nearly 30 years ago. He was executed at Karaj’s Central Prison near Tehran on 23 May 2017.

Date:
25 May 2017
  • Research
  • United States of America
  • Women and Girls

USA: Criminalizing pregnancy: policing pregnant women who use drugs in the USA

In the USA, pregnant women lie at the center of a contested battleground over their sexual and reproductive rights. A series of laws police the behavior of pregnant women and particularly impact those who are marginalized and those who use drugs. Collectively called pregnancy criminalization laws, this report provides a basic overview of the impact of these laws on women’s human rights and access to healthcare across the USA, and specifically focuses on two criminal laws in Alabama and Tennessee.

Date:
23 May 2017
Ref:
AMR 51/6203/2017
  • Research
  • Philippines
  • Juveniles and Human Rights

Philippines: Committee of Justice must ensure amendments to Juvenile Justice Act comply with international law

Amnesty International commends the decision of the Sub-Committee on Correctional Reforms of the Committee on Justice, not to lower the minimum age of criminal responsibility from 15 to 9. However, the organisation remains concerned about some of the provisions in a bill adopted by the Sub-Committee, to amend the Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act, which appear to treat children lower than 15 in ways which could be harsh or arbitrary.

Date:
23 May 2017
Ref:
ASA 35/6336/2017
  • Research
  • Europe and Central Asia
  • Discrimination

Europe: First, do no harm: Ensuring the rights of children with variations of sex characteristics in Denmark and Germany

Every year, children are born with sex characteristics – genitals, gonads, hormones, chromosomes or reproductive organs – which vary from the established norms for ‘male’ and ‘female’. In this report, Amnesty International documents the specific human rights violations faced by children with variations of sex characteristics in Denmark and Germany, and the lifelong effect of these violations. The report focuses in particular on subjection to non-emergency invasive and irreversible surgeries and other medical treatments.

Date:
9 May 2017
Ref:
EUR 01/6086/2017
  • News
  • Armed Conflict

Syria: UN Security Council must take decisive action after Idleb chemical attack

Experts believe a nerve agent such as sarin gas was deployed from the air Amnesty International authenticated and analyzed dozens of videos from attack site Deadliest chemical attack since 2013 follows other chemical weapons use and widespread war crimes using conventional weapons Evidence gathered is suggesting a nerve agent was used in an air-launched chemical attack which killed more than 70 and injured hundreds of civilians in Khan Sheikhoun in Syria’s northern province of Idleb, Amnesty International revealed as the UN Security Council meets for an emergency meeting in New York this morning.

Date:
5 April 2017
  • News
  • Americas
  • Children

USA: Baby left stranded a world away from her family amid Trump’s chaotic Muslim ban

It was an excruciating choice that no family should ever have to make. Should they stay together with their two young daughters and miss perhaps their only chance to escape the horrors of war, or should they make a break for freedom but leave their year-old baby behind in a foreign land half-way around the world? This was the devil’s dilemma facing US-Yemeni dual national Baraa Ahmed (not his real name) and his wife, who were separated from their breastfeeding baby in the wake of President Trump’s discriminatory travel ban.

Date:
8 March 2017
  • News
  • Slovakia
  • Children

Slovakia's failing marks on Romani children

By Anna Blus, Central Europe Researcher It is lunch time in a small town in eastern Slovakia, and the sound of children's laughter rings out from a school playground. This is a sleepy, unremarkable place, sitting under a pall of grey smoke from the nearby industrial plant whose tall chimneys dominate the landscape. Something that is unusual about this town, though, is the high proportion of its Romani children who have been diagnosed as having "mild mental disabilities" and placed in a so-called “special” school, separated from other children.

Date:
2 March 2017
  • Research
  • Europe and Central Asia
  • Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Slovakia: A lesson in discrimination. Segregation of Romani children in primary education in Slovakia

The joint report by Amnesty International and the European Roma Rights Centre (ERRC) documents that Romani children are systemically denied their rights to education and non-discrimination in primary education in Slovakia. They are segregated in Roma-only mainstream schools or classes, or special schools and classes for children with “mild mental disabilities”. In April 2015, the European Commission (EC) launched infringement proceedings against Slovakia for breaching the prohibition of discrimination in education set out in EU law.

Date:
1 March 2017
Ref:
EUR 72/5640/2017
  • Campaigns
  • Iran
  • Prisoners of Conscience

Iran: Further information: UK-Iranian charity worker needs medical care: Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe

British-Iranian charity worker Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe is suffering with severe arm, neck and back pain and needs urgent hospitalization. An appeal court has upheld her five-year prison sentence for the charge of “membership of an illegal group” in connection with her work with BBC Media Action and Thompson Reuters Foundation.

Date:
22 February 2017
Ref:
MDE 13/5748/2017
  • News
  • Americas
  • Children

Central American carnage – how Trump’s border wall would lock refugees in a life of violence and fear

The image of a dozen children playing behind a tall metal fence, surrounded by armed guards, says it all – in one of the world’s most dangerous barrios, even playtime happens under security lockdown. The newly built park is located in the Rivera Hernández neighbourhood of San Pedro Sula, Honduras. It’s one of the deadliest areas of the most dangerous city in one of the most dangerous countries on earth.

Date:
20 February 2017
  • Research
  • Europe and Central Asia
  • Refugees

Greece: A blue print for despair. Human rights impact of the EU-Turkey deal

The EU-Turkey deal, agreed in March last year was Europe’s signature response to these challenges. It has certainly stemmed the flow of migrants across the Aegean, but at considerable cost to Europe’s commitment to upholding the basic principles of refugee protection and the lives of the tens of thousands it has trapped on Greek islands. With European leaders touting its success, closing their eyes to its flaws, and seeing in it a blueprint for new migration deals with countries like Libya, Sudan, Niger and many others, this briefing serves as a cautionary tale.

Date:
14 February 2017
Ref:
EUR 25/5664/2017