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Sierra Leone: Housing and environmental failures behind shocking scale of mudslide deaths

The terrible aftermath of the mudslides in Sierra Leone, which have left more than 3000 people homeless, grimly illustrates the human cost of the government’s failure to implement housing and land policies, said Amnesty International. Over 400 people were killed in the mudslide, which struck in the early hours of Monday 14 August in the Regent community of the capital, Freetown, with victims largely those living in informal settlements.

Date:
17 August 2017
  • News
  • Africa
  • Demonstrations

Kenyan police must guard against using excessive force during elections

By Abdullahi Boru Halakhe An ominous cloud hangs over this week’s elections. Fearing a repeat of the violence that followed the 2007 election, police are poised to break up protests and have pinpointed what they are calling violence ‘hotspots’. Some incidents of violence already occurred during the campaign period. Supporters of rival governorship candidates clashed in the western city of Eldoret on 19 July, leaving five people injured, as well as in Marsabit in northern Kenya on 26 July, where four people were injured.

Date:
9 August 2017
  • Research
  • Mali
  • Terrorism

Mali: Violations and abuses as instability spreads

Since the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of Mali in 2013, instability has spread from the north to the centre of the country, with a growing number of armed groups carrying out attacks. The state of emergency, first imposed in November 2015, has been repeatedly extended, most recently in April 2017. Amnesty International has consistently expressed its concern about a wide range of violations of human rights and breaches of international humanitarian law committed by Malian security forces and international forces on one hand, and armed groups on the other hand.

Date:
4 August 2017
Ref:
AFR 37/6835/2017
  • Campaigns
  • Kenya
  • Internet and Social Media

Unfazed: One Kenyan activist’s determination in the face of online attacks

Kenya has a critical mass of budding and young tech-savvy activists who use their online presence for civic engagement. Recently, activists critical of the Kenyan government have been met with aggressive, sometimes vicious, attacks. Abdullahi had a chat with Edwin Kiama, one such activist, whose experience is a demonstration of a much bigger problem - attacks on critical voices online. On the balmy June afternoon when we met at my office located west of Nairobi, his phone beeped endlessly.

Date:
2 August 2017
  • News
  • Africa
  • Armed Conflict

South Sudan: UN must boost civilian protection as Lacroix visits IDP camps

United Nations peacekeepers in South Sudan (UNMISS) must shore up efforts to protect civilians, Amnesty International said ahead of a 31 July to 2 August country visit by the UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Jean-Pierre Lacroix. According to UNMISS, Lacroix will meet with political leaders, humanitarian actors, and internally displaced people (IDPs) – including those sheltering in UNMISS-run sites in Malakal and Bentiu.

Date:
28 July 2017
  • Research
  • South Sudan
  • Armed Conflict

South Sudan: "Do not remain silent": Survivors of sexual violence in South Sudan call for justice and reparations

Since the outbreak of South Sudan’s internal armed conflict in Juba in December 2013, thousands of South Sudanese have been subjected to sexual violence including rape, gang rape, sexual slavery, sexual mutilation, torture, castration, or forced nudity. These acts of sexual violence are shocking in their scale and level of brutality, and will leave physical, psychological, and social impacts for decades to come.

Date:
24 July 2017
Ref:
AFR 65/6469/2017
  • Campaigns
  • Burundi
  • Torture and other ill-treatment

Calling out Burundi on impunity

President Pierre Nkurunziza’s decision to run for a third term in office in April 2015 sparked a crisis that continues today. When people took to the streets in protest, they were met with violent repression by the police. The crackdown on dissent continued following a failed coup attempt in May 2015. Crimes under international law and human rights violations were committed. Hundreds of people were killed, with bodies turning up in the streets almost every morning in late 2015.

Date:
21 July 2017
  • Research
  • Cameroon
  • Armed Conflict

Cameroon's secret torture chambers: Human rights violations and war crimes in the fight against Boko Haram

This report delves deeper, documenting the cases of 101 individuals who, between March 2013 and March 2017, were held incommunicado, tortured, and sometimes killed by Cameroonian security forces in facilities run by the military and intelligence services. Despite such practices being in violation of both national and international law, the use of torture in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram has become widespread and routine, and practiced with impunity.

Date:
20 July 2017
Ref:
AFR 17/6536/2017
  • Research
  • Ghana
  • Death Penalty

Locked up and forgotten: The need to abolish the death penalty in Ghana

Death sentences in Ghana continue to be imposed. At the end of 2016, 148 people were on death row, all sentenced to death for murder. While the last executions were carried out in July 1993, there is no official moratorium on executions in Ghana. Research carried out by Amnesty International in Ghana has highlighted concerns with the use of the death penalty, access to fair trial rights and poor prison conditions.

Date:
12 July 2017
Ref:
ACT 50/6268/2017
  • Research
  • Africa
  • Censorship and Free Speech

Rwanda: Setting the Scene for Elections: Two Decades of Silencing Dissent in Rwanda

Rwandans go to the polls on 4 August 2017 to elect their next president, in a climate of fear created by years of repression against opposition politicians, journalists and human rights defenders. They have been jailed, physically attacked – even killed – and forced into exile or silence. Prior human rights violations and unresolved cases of murders and disappearances continue to have a chilling effect on the current political and human rights context.

Date:
7 July 2017
Ref:
AFR 47/6585/2017
  • Research
  • Africa
  • Torture and other ill-treatment

Sudan: Submission to Special Procedures on the arrest and torture of Dr Mudawi Ibrahim Adam and Hafiz Idris Eldoma

Dear Chair and Special Rapporteurs, as you may be aware, the prominent Sudanese human rights defender (HRD), Dr Mudawi Ibrahim Adam, and his colleague, Hafiz Idris Eldoma, were arrested on 24 November 2016 and 7 December 2016 respectively in Khartoum, Sudan. Amnesty International urges you to call on the Sudanese authorities to drop all the charges against Dr Mudawi Ibrahim Adam and Hafiz Edris Eldoma, and to stop any further harassment of HRDs in Sudan.

Date:
6 July 2017
Ref:
AFR 54/6678/2017
  • Research
  • South Sudan
  • Armed Conflict

South Sudan - "If men are caught, they are killed, if women are caught, they are raped" - Atrocities in Equatoria region turn country's breadbasket into a killing field

In South Sudan’s Equatoria region government and opposition forces have committed war crimes and widespread human rights abuses against civilians. Men, women and children have been shot, hacked to death with machetes and burned alive in their homes. Women and girls have been gang-raped, some after having been abducted. Homes, schools, medical facilities and humanitarian organizations’ compounds have been looted, vandalized and burned down.

Date:
4 July 2017
Ref:
AFR 65/6612/2017
  • News
  • Africa
  • Armed Conflict

South Sudan: Ongoing atrocities turn country’s breadbasket into a killing field

Close to one million people forcibly displaced in Equatoria region, fuelling world’s fastest-growing refugee crisis Civilians shot, hacked to death with machetes and burnt in their homes Women and girls abducted and gang-raped A new frontline in South Sudan’s conflict has forced hundreds of thousands of people to flee the country’s fertile Equatoria region over the past year, creating ongoing atrocities, starvation and fear, according to a new Amnesty International briefing published today.

Date:
4 July 2017
  • Research
  • Africa
  • Armed Conflict

Towards “silencing the guns by the year 2020”: A call for clear and tangible measures for addressing impunity for conflict-related violations in Africa

This statement calls on the 29th Assembly of the African Union heads of state and government to outline clear and tangible measures for addressing impunity for gross violations and abuses of international human rights and crimes under international law by parties to conflicts in Africa.

Date:
30 June 2017
Ref:
AFR 01/6628/2017
  • Research
  • Africa
  • Business and Human Rights

Nigeria: In the dock: Shell's complicity in the arbitrary execution of the Ogoni Nine

In November 1995, the Nigerian state arbitrarily executed nine men after a blatantly unfair trail. The executions led to global condemnation. Officially accused of involvement in murder, the men had in fact been put on trial because they had challenged the devastating impact of oil production by the Anglo-Dutch oil giant, Shell, in the Ogoniland region of the Niger Delta. This briefing examines the role played by the Shell in the unfair trial and arbitrary execution of the Ogoni Nine.

Date:
29 June 2017
Ref:
AFR 44/6604/2017