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  • Censorship and Free Speech

EU: Orwellian counter-terrorism laws stripping rights under guise of defending them

Sweeping new laws are driving Europe into a deep and dangerous state of permanent securitization, Amnesty International said on the publication of a comprehensive human rights analysis of counter-terrorism measures across 14 EU member states. Dangerously disproportionate: The ever-expanding national security state in Europe reveals how a deluge of laws and amendments passed with break-neck speed, is undermining fundamental freedoms and dismantling hard-won human rights protections.

Date:
17 January 2017
  • Research
  • Austria
  • EU

Europe: Dangerously disproportionate: The ever-expanding national security state in Europe - Executive Summary

Hundreds of people were killed and wounded in a spate of violent attacks in European Union (EU) states between January 2015 and December 2016. They were shot by armed men, blown up in suicide bomb attacks and deliberately run over as they walked in the street. These callous crimes did not just target individuals; they were also attacks on societies, on how people live and what people think. The need to protect people from such wanton violence is obvious and urgent.

Date:
17 January 2017
Ref:
EUR 01/5343/2017
  • Research
  • Austria
  • EU

Europe: Dangerously disproportionate: The ever-expanding national security state in Europe

Hundreds of people were killed and wounded in violent attacks in the European Union in 2015 and 2016. The need to protect people from such wanton violence is obvious and urgent. This report gives a bird’s eye view of the national security landscape and shows just how widespread and deep the “securitization” of Europe has become. It focuses on eight themes: states of emergency, principle of legality, right to privacy, freedom of expression, right to liberty, freedom of movement, stripping of nationality, and the prohibition on sending people to places where they risk torture.

Date:
17 January 2017
Ref:
EUR 01/5342/2017
  • News
  • Belgium
  • Refugees

EU-Turkey refugee deal a historic blow to rights

European leaders’ collective ‘double-speak’ fails to hide the myriad of contradictions of the deal sealed between the EU and Turkey on how to handle the refugee crisis, said Amnesty International today. “The ‘double-speak’ this deal is cloaked in fails to hide the European Union’s dogged determination to turn its back on a global refugee crisis, and wilfully ignore its international obligations,” said John Dalhuisen, Amnesty International’s Director for Europe and Central Asia.

Date:
18 March 2016
  • Research
  • Estonia
  • Censorship and Free Speech

Suggested recommendations to States considered in the 24th round of the Universal Periodic Review, 18-29 January 2016

This document contains Amnesty International's suggested recommendations for the 14 states – Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Palau, Paraguay, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands and Somalia - that are coming up for review in the UPR Working Group session commencing 18 January 2016 aimed at addressing human rights challenges and improving respect for human rights in the states under review.

Date:
8 December 2015
Ref:
IOR 40/3034/2015
  • Research
  • Europe and Central Asia
  • Domestic Violence

Belgium: punching below its weight: laws and practices provide inadequate human rights protection. Amnesty International Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review, January - February 2016

This submission was prepared for the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of Belgium in January - February 2016. Amnesty International evaluates the implementation of recommendations made in the previous UPR, assesses the national human rights framework and human rights situation on the ground, and makes a number of recommendations to the government to strengthen the protection of human rights and address human rights violations.

Date:
6 October 2015
Ref:
EUR 14/2497/2015
  • Research
  • Africa
  • Armed Groups

Chains of abuse: the case of diamonds from the Central African Republic and the global diamond supply chain

Amnesty International has examined three specific points in the global diamond supply chain, starting with diamonds in the Central African Republic (CAR), moving to two of CAR’s neighbours into which some of its diamonds are smuggled, and ending at diamond exchanges in the major global trading centres of Antwerp and Dubai. CAR has been embroiled in armed conflict since late 2012. The report uses CAR as a case study to examine the diamond supply chain but looks beyond the conflict to human rights abuses in the artisanal mining sector in CAR and to other illegal and unethical practices in the diamond supply chain that cause or contribute to human rights abuses – such as smuggling and tax abuse.

Date:
30 September 2015
Ref:
AFR 19/2494/2015
  • Research
  • Botswana
  • UN

UN Human Rights Council pledging event in New York: States set out their vision and commitments as candidates to the Human Rights Council

At an event organised and held in New York on 15 July 2015 by Amnesty International and the International Service for Human Rights together with Botswana, Brazil and the Netherlands, eight candidates to the Human Rights Council discussed their aspirations and vision of membership on the UN's main human rights body. The candidates elaborated on their pledges and commitments in submitting their candidature, and were questioned on how they would work as members to address human rights violations and to strengthen the work of the Council.

Date:
17 July 2015
Ref:
IOR 40/2115/2015
  • Education
  • Belgium
  • Women and Girls

Activists lay themselves bare for sexual and reproductive rights

Amnesty Belgium has brought human rights home to young people in Belgium through a whole series of events in 2014 which has inspired some unusual and thought-provoking activism, including teachers baring their skin, and young people sharing their taboo experiences in public spaces. Teachers strip for human rights “We live in a culture where bodies are constantly being exposed but there is still a lot of taboo when it comes to rights issues.

Date:
16 March 2015
  • Research
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Justice Systems

Democratic Republic of Congo: Bulldozed: How a mining company buried the truth about forced evictions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

On 24 and 25 November 2009 police in the Katanga province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo ordered the demolition of hundreds of homes and businesses in the village of Kawama, next to the Luiswishi mine. Following the forced evictions, Groupe Forrest International, whose subsidiary was the mine operator at the time, denied that homes and businesses of permanent residents of Kawama had been affected.

Date:
24 November 2014
Ref:
AFR 62/003/2014
  • Research
  • Belgium
  • Discrimination

Belgium: Submission to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women: 59th session, 20 October – 7 November 2014

Amnesty International submits the following information to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women on Belgium’s implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. This submission focuses on policy concerns relating to the constitutional, legislative and institutional framework, violence against women, including rape and sexual violence, and stereotyped roles and prejudices and harmful practices, including legal gender recognition.

Date:
3 October 2014
Ref:
EUR 14/001/2014
  • News
  • Belgium
  • Detention

Q&A: Coalition Against Unlawful Surveillance Exports (CAUSE)

 What is the CAUSE?  The Coalition Against Unlawful Surveillance Exports (CAUSE) brings together leading global and national human rights and other NGOs, who are all calling for governments to take action on the international trade in communication surveillance technologies. These technologies consist of specially designed software, equipment and expertise to enable the interception of digital and other communications.

Date:
4 April 2014
  • News
  • Belgium
  • Detention

New global coalition urges governments to keep surveillance technologies in check

 World leaders must commit to keeping invasive surveillance systems and technologies out of the hands of dictators and oppressive regimes, said a new global coalition of human rights organizations as it launched today in Brussels.   The Coalition Against Unlawful Surveillance Exports (CAUSE) – which includes Amnesty International, Digitale Gesellschaft, FIDH, Human Rights Watch, the New America Foundation’s Open Technology Institute, Privacy International, and Reporters Without Borders – aims to hold governments and private companies accountable for abuses linked to the US$5 billion and growing international trade in communication surveillance technologies.

Date:
4 April 2014