Morocco/Western Sahara

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Authorities convicted at least six individuals, including activists, journalists and a lawyer, for peacefully exercising their right to freedom of expression. They also sporadically repressed dissent in Western Sahara. Authorities tortured and otherwise ill-treated some individuals perceived as critics. Domestic legislation continued to entrench gender inequality and criminalize consensual adult same-sex sexual conduct and abortion. Impunity prevailed regarding the death of at least 37 migrants and the disappearance of 76 who were attempting to cross the border between Morocco and the Spanish enclave of Melilla on 24 June 2022.

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Death Penalty status

Abolitionist in practice

Retains the death penalty in law, but hasn’t executed for at least 10 years

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