Lebanon

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  • MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
  • ALGERIA
  • BAHRAIN
  • EGYPT
  • IRAN
  • IRAQ
  • ISRAEL AND OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES
  • JORDAN
  • KUWAIT
  • LEBANON
  • LIBYA
  • MOROCCO AND WESTERN SAHARA
  • OMAN
  • PALESTINE (STATE OF)
  • QATAR
  • SAUDI ARABIA
  • SYRIA
  • TUNISIA
  • UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
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Overview

The authorities’ response to Lebanon’s deepening economic crisis failed to ensure residents’ right to health and even their right to life during the most acute moments of fuel and medicine shortages, as it lifted subsidies while failing to roll out an effective social protection scheme to help mitigate the impact of these policies. Impunity continued to protect perpetrators of murder, torture and the devastating explosion in 2020 at the port in the capital, Beirut. Authorities used terrorism-related charges to prosecute protesters in Tripoli demanding socio-economic rights. Migrant workers, particularly women domestic workers, continued to have their rights abused under the discriminatory kafala (sponsorship) system. Women still faced discrimination in law and in practice. Authorities continued to deport Syrian refugees back to Syria, despite risks of egregious human rights abuses there. Allegations of torture of Syrian refugees documented since 2014 were still not investigated, even when raised in courts.

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Death Penalty status

Retentionist

Retains the death penalty in law

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