Poland

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Overview

The authorities continued to erode the independence of the judiciary and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) ruled that two of Poland’s high judicial bodies did not meet fair trial standards. There was a further rollback of sexual and reproductive rights. Criminal charges used to curtail freedom of expression were dropped, or the activists acquitted. Several regional councils withdrew anti-LGBTI declarations but violations of LGBTI rights continued. Border guards pushed asylum seekers back to Belarus. Poland did not implement the ECtHR ruling regarding Abu Zubaydah, who remained held in the US detention facility in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba.

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Death Penalty status

Abolitionist for all crimes

Does not use the death penalty

View the Amnesty International Report 2021/22

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