Madagascar: Authorities must drop spurious charges against environmental activist

Authorities must immediately and unconditionally drop spurious charges against environmental human rights defender and allow him to do his work without fear of intimidation or reprisals, Amnesty International said today.

 

Clovis Razafimalala is being targeted for his activism work and exposing the illegal trafficking of the country’s precious resources, including rosewood
Muleya Mwananyanda, Amnesty International's Deputy Director for Southern Africa

Clovis Razafimalala is facing trial on 17 December on old trumped-up charges.

Razafimalala, a well-known campaigner against the illegal trafficking of rosewood and other timber, is facing charges of destruction of public buildings and arson related to a 2016 incident which he was never part of.  Razafimalala spent 10 months in jail between 2016 and 2017 for the related crime but later acquitted after witnesses submitted that he was never part of the said crime.

“These spurious charges against Clovis Razafimalala are a continuation of injustice that we have seen against him since 2016. He is being targeted for his activism work and exposing the illegal trafficking of the country’s precious resources, including rosewood,” said Muleya Mwananyanda, Amnesty International’s Deputy Director for Southern Africa.

Since 2016, Clovis has been a victim of intimidation and harassment by Malagasy authorities, with no closure on the case. His life has been turned upside down by this case. The intimidation must stop
Muleya Mwananyanda

“Malagasy authorities must drop these trumped-up charges and stop intimidating and harassing Clovis Razafimalala and ensure that he can exercise his freedom of expression without having to worry about reprisals.”

Clovis Razafimalala was charged for allegedly encouraging protesters to loot an administrative building in Maroantsetra – a town on Madagascar’s north-east coast, on 14 September 2016, along with seven other people. He was arrested on 16 September 2016, the day after a protest. The protest called for charges against the town’s former mayor to be dropped. He was subsequently charged with rebellion, destruction of public documents and goods, and arson. He was acquitted on the charge of rebellion, and finally released from jail on July 24th 2017 by the Tamatave Tribunal. The acquittal happened after several witnesses came forward to say Clovis wasn’t even at the protest. However, despite these witnesses’ testimony, he was found guilty on the two other charges and handed a suspended sentence.

In the latest attempt to try Razafimalala from the 2016 trumped-up charges, his lawyer has noted irregularities in the trial, amongst which the fact that none of the witnesses requested by Clovis’ lawyers were called to testify, and the only witnesses  called to testify were state prosecution witnesses.

Malagasy authorities must drop these trumped-up charges and stop intimidating and harassing Clovis Razafimalala and ensure that he can exercise his freedom of expression without having to worry about reprisals
Muleya Mwananyanda

“Since 2016, Clovis has been a victim of intimidation and harassment by Malagasy authorities, with no closure on the case. His life has been turned upside down by this case. The intimidation must stop.” said Muleya Mwananyanda.

Background

In what has been trumped-up charges against him from the beginning, Clovis Razafimalala was found guilty on two charges of destruction of public buildings, and arson in 2016. He was given a 5-year suspended sentence, a suspended fine of $25,29 USD, as well as the amount of just over $12000 USD to be shared with the other defendants for damages – a conviction he has immediately appealed. The other co-accused were handed prison sentences, but were absent during the trial.

Through its judgment of 9 August 2019, the court of cassation cancelled the ordinary criminal court’s decision, and asked that a different jury (still at the level of the ordinary criminal court) tries the case again, because the co-accused were absent during the first trial.

Razafimalala has on many occasions denounced the illegal trafficking of rosewood and other timber as part of his role as the Coordinator of the Maroantsetra Lampogno coalition, a group fighting against illegal trafficking of natural resources in Madagascar. In 2017, Clovis Razafimalala was featured as part of Amnesty International’s Write for Rights global campaign, which saw more than 400,000 people around the world signing the petition calling for his immediate release.