The Southern African Development Community (SADC) leaders must ramp up efforts to protect the security of persons with albinism, including by tackling widespread impunity, Amnesty International said today ahead of the 39th SADC Heads of State Summit in Tanzania.
Across the SADC region, persons with albinism continue to live in fear of being killed or abducted for their body parts.Deprose Muchena, Amnesty International’s Regional Director for Southern Africa.
Approximately 150 persons with albinism have been killed in countries such as Malawi, Tanzania, Mozambique and the Democratic Republic of Congo since 2014 for their body parts. Tanzania has reported the highest number of killings, 76, for the same period.
“Across the SADC region, persons with albinism continue to live in fear of being killed or abducted for their body parts. These waves of violent attacks are fueled by the false and dangerous myth that body parts of persons with albinism can make someone rich,” said Deprose Muchena, Amnesty International’s Regional Director for Southern Africa.
“SADC leaders must tackle the root causes of these targeted attacks to end the plight of persons with albinism who continue to be terrorized by criminal gangs across the region. As they meet in Tanzania this week, they must turn the tide against these horrendous crimes.”
Hundreds of persons with albinism have experienced attacks, including mutilations, kidnappings and attempted kidnappings in recent years.
The crimes against persons with albinism have taken a transnational form across the SADC region in recent years, with victims lured from countries like Malawi having been found in countries like Mozambique.
Criminal justice failures, such as poor handling of cases and evidence, to resolve cases of crimes against persons with albinism have driven the impunity and persistent crimes against this vulnerable group.
While there have been legal reforms, including changes to the Penal Code and the Anatomy Act to tackle attacks, in countries like Malawi and Tanzania, they are yet to yield positive results as persons with albinism continue to be targeted by criminal gangs.
SADC leaders must tackle the root causes of these targeted attacks to end the plight of persons with albinism who continue to be terrorized by criminal gangs across the regionDeprose Muchena
“It is intolerable that persons with albinism continue to live at the mercy of these criminal gangs. SADC leaders must use this summit to send a clear message that those who perpetrate these attacks will be brought to justice,” said Deprose Muchena.
SADC leaders must use this summit to send a clear message that those who perpetrate these attacks will be brought to justiceDeprose Muchena
Amnesty International is calling on SADC leaders to adopt a Regional Action Plan, to ensure a coordinated security response for persons with albinism across southern Africa.
The Southern African Development Community – Parliamentary Forum adopted a motion condemning attacks, abductions, killings and discrimination against persons with albinism across the region during its 45th session in Maputo on 24 July. Amnesty International believes that this is a positive step forward that brings the region closer to genuinely addressing the cycle of human rights violations against this group.
Persons with Albinism continue to face human rights violations including stigma and discrimination, inadequate access to health and education services, as well as other social exclusions. There are tens of thousands of persons with albinism across the SADC region.