Today’s decision convicting two of Cambodia’s most senior former Khmer Rouge officials for crimes against humanity at the country’s UN-backed Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) is an important step towards justice, Amnesty International said.Amnesty International’s Deputy Asia-Pacific Director Rupert Abbott said: “This long-awaited ruling is an important step towards justice for the victims of the Khmer Rouge period and highlights the importance of addressing impunity.”“But the earlier refusal of senior Cambodian government officials to give evidence, as well as allegations of political interference in other ECCC cases, is troubling and raises concerns around the fairness of the proceedings and respect for victims’ right to hear the full truth regarding the alleged crimes.”“Fair and effective trials are crucial if the ECCC is to leave a lasting legacy which strengthens Cambodia’s very fragile judicial system and contributes towards ending the deep culture of impunity.“The ECCC must complete all of its cases in a timely and fair manner without political interference. This will require the full support of the Cambodian government and the international community.”“Amnesty International welcomes the Chamber’s decision to endorse 11 reparation projects for victims and calls for them to be fully implemented. However, much more must also be done by the government of Cambodia towards repairing the harm suffered by victims.”Background The ECCC, known as the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, today delivered the verdict in Case 002/01, sentencing Nuon Chea, 88, and Khieu Samphan, 83, to life imprisonment. Nuon Chea, the former second in command of the Khmer Rouge regime, and Khieu Samphan, the regime’s former Head of State, faced a number of charges, including the forced movement of the population from Phnom Penh and elsewhere, and the execution of soldiers of the Khmer Republic – the regime topped by the Khmer Rouge. Almost 4,000 victims have been able to participate as Civil Parties in case 002/01, with rights as full parties to the case, including legal representation andopportunities to request investigative acts and call and question witnesses. Before the ECCC, no other international criminal tribunal trying crimes underinternational law had given victims a formal status during the proceedings. Recognizing that Nuon Chea and and Khieu Samphan are indigent, the Chamber decided not to order the two men to provide reparation to the victims. Instead, the Chamber endorsed 11 reparation projects which have secured external funding. Two other projects were not endorsed because of insufficient information and lack of external funding.Last week, the ECCC held an initial hearing in Case 002/02, the second case against Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan, where a wider set of allegations including genocide will be considered.Investigations into two further cases involving a total of four suspects should also be under way, but have suffered from apparent political interference and obstruction that have delayed justice and denied rights to suspects and victims alike.