The Indian authorities must ensure that the rights of gay men are protected, Amnesty International said today, after India’s health minister described homosexuality as a “disease”.Addressing a conference about HIV/AIDS on Monday, Ghulum Nabi Azad said sex between two men is “completely unnatural and shouldn’t happen”.”These outrageous remarks linking consensual sexual activity to a disease simply encourage discrimination against men who have sex with men. The Health Minister must retract his comments, and the Indian Government must reaffirm its commitment to protect the rights of all of its citizens, regardless of sexual orientation, gender identity or consensual sexual behaviour,” said Emily Gray, Amnesty International’s researcher on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity. In a landmark judgement, India decriminalised homosexuality in 2009. The ruling overturned a 19th century British colonial law which bans engagement in consensual sex with an individual of the same sex.”India has come a long way in the past decade in protecting its vulnerable populations, including its lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender populations. But they are engaging in double standards here: On the one hand, they have decriminalised homosexuality and taken a significant step toward ensuring that people in India can express their sexual orientation. On the other hand, its chief public health officer is pathologizing homosexuality. This is a severe setback for sexual rights,” she said.”It would be a great shame if India’s recent progress on protecting the rights of sexual minorities was undermined by government-induced hostility towards lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people,” she added.The World Health Organisation now recognises that protecting the rights of men who have sex with men is essential to ensuring safe sex practices and to help stem the spread of HIV. Public stigmatisation of men who have sex with men has been shown to lead to fewer men seeking testing or treatment for HIV/AIDS.