In mid-August 2011, opposition fighters from Misratah attacked the neighbouring town of Tawargha, home to some 30,000 black Libyans. The fighters, known as thuwwar, used indiscriminate weapons such as Grad rockets to attack the town, forcing most residents to flee. After they had emptied the area, the thuwwar looted, vandalized and burned down homes. Tawarghas are being collectively punished for crimes allegedly committed by a few. They have no hope of returning home. Urgent action is needed to protect them and secure their future.