Six case studies which illustrate Amnesty International’s concerns related to patterns of economic development within APEC member states, including trade unions; mining, land and development; peasants and indigenous people; land disputes and migrant workers. 1. People’s Republic of China: Harassment and detention of independent trade union organizers; 2. South Korea: Curbs on independent trade union activity; 3. Indonesia: Arrests, “disappearances” and killings; 4. Mexico: Killings and “disappearances”; 5. Philippines: The threat of “disappearances”, illegal killings and harassment; 6. Malaysia: Exposing ill-treatment.