Russian Federation: Further information: Shaman subjected to punitive psychiatry: Aleksandr Gabyshev

On 23 September, the Supreme Court of Sakha (Yakutia), approved shaman Aleksandr Gabyshev’s confinement to a psychiatric hospital and forcible treatment. He was then transferred to a “specialized” guarded hospital in Novosibirsk, 4,850 kilometres away by road. The shaman has long faced persecution for publicly criticizing President Vladimir Putin, including repeated arbitrary arrests, humiliating searches, and psychiatric confinement.

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