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UA 382/90 - Turkey: fear of torture: Ahmet Avcil, Abdullah Akin, Muhsil Bagriyanik, Cihangir Cengiz, Isa Bilek, M. Sitki Cengiz, Besir Akyuz, Ramazan Ekinci, Alaattin Yildiz, Mahmut Yildiz, Necmettin Kilicarslan, Omer Aslan, Halil Ekinci, Ahmet Erter, Kas

, Index number: EUR 44/132/1990

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/132/90
Distr: UA/SC
UA 382/90 Fear of Torture 21 September 1990
TURKEY: Ahmet Avc_l )
Abdullah Ak_n )
Muhsil Ba_r_yan_k ) from Erkent village
Cihangir Cengiz, aged 70 )
Isa Bilek, aged 66 )
M. S_tk_ Cengiz )
Be_ir Akyüz )
Ramazan Ekinci, headman )
Alaattin Y_ld_z )
Mahmut Y_ld_z )
Necmettin K_l_çarslan, imam )
Ömer Aslan )
Halil Ekinci )
Ahmet Erter )
Kas_m Keskin ) from Çizmeli village
Abdullah Güne_ )
Abdulasanet Güne_ )
Nevzat Acar )
Yahsin Y_ld_z )
Abit Y_ld_z )
Ihsan Aksu )
===========================================================================
Amnesty International has learned that scores of villagers in the Pervari/Siirt
region in the southeast of Turkey have been detained, during operations by the
security forces which began around 4 September and are still continuing. The
villagers are suspected of providing food and shelter to Kurdish guerrillas
fighting in the area.
In the village of Erkent near Pervari almost the entire male population was
initially taken into custody around 9 September, but later released. However,
Ahmet Avc_l and six other villagers named above remain in incommunicado detention.
They were first held at Doganca police station, but have meanwhile been moved
to the Gendarmerie Headquarters in Pervari.
In Çizmeli (formerly Nivela) village in the Eruh area, the village headman,
Ramazan Ekinci, was detained two days ago, while Alaattin Y_ldiz and nine others
from the same village have been held since around 9 September, and Yahsin Y_ld_z
and two others since around 4 September. They were all taken to the Regimental
Gendarmerie Headquarters in Siirt where they are being held in incommunicado
detention. Nine so-called village protectors - villagers armed and paid by the
government to fight Kurdish guerrillas - were released after some two weeks in
detention.
It is feared that the detainees are being tortured during interrogation.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Turkey has a Kurdish ethnic minority estimated to be some 10 million people, which
is not officially recognized by the authorities. The Kurdish population lives
mainly in southeastern Turkey. Frequent allegations of torture and ill-treatment
have been received from the region and the number of torture allegations increased
substantially after the 1980 military coup. Since August 1984, when Kurdish
guerrillas - members of the Kurdish Workers' Party
(PKK) - started armed attacks, an alarming number of reports of ill-treatment
of detainees by the security forces have come from the eastern and southeastern
provinces, where more than 2000 lives so far have been lost in the continuing
fighting. A state of emergency is in force in Siirt and nine other eastern provinces.
Turkey ratified the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture on
25 February 1988 and the UN Convention Against Torture on 2 August 1988. However,
all information available to Amnesty International indicates that torture is still
widespread and systematic in Turkey. Allegations of torture have continued since
the transfer of power to a civilian government in 1983. Most allegations relate
to ill-treatment of detainees in police custody during their initial interrogation
when they are usually denied access to relatives or a lawyer. Under current
legislation the maximum detention period before being formally charged or released
is 24 hours; in cases involving three or more suspects or due to the 'nature of
the crime' it may be extended to 15 days. This period may be extended to 30 days
in areas under emergency legislation or martial law.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telexes/faxes/telegrams/express and airmail letters:
- urging that all detainees named above be granted prompt access to their families
and lawyers and that they not be ill-treated while in detention;
- requesting to be informed of any charges against them.
APPEALS TO:
Prime Minister
Yildirim Akbulut
Office of the Prime Minister
Basbakanlik
Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Prime Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 44061/44062/44063 BBMT TR; 42099 BASB TR; 42875 BBK TR
Faxes: 90 41 17 04 76 PRIME MINISTER
Atilla Koç
Siirt Valisi
Governor of Siirt Province
Siirt, Turkey
Telegrams: Siirt Valisi, Siirt, Turkey
COPIES TO: Diplomatic representatives of Turkey in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or
your section office, if sending appeals after 20 October 1990.

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