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UA 225/91 - Turkey: fear of extrajudicial execution: Huseyin Siddik Tan, board member of Human Rights Association branch in Batman, Azad Tan, his son, aged 10, Cengis Tek, Mustafa Ozer

, Index number: EUR 44/090/1991

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/90/91
Distr: UA/SC
UA 225/91 Fear of Extrajudicial Execution 3 July 1991
TURKEY: Hüseyin Siddik Tan, board member of Human Rights Association
branch in Batman
Azad Tan, his son, aged 10
Cengiz Tek
Mustafa Özer, lawyer
On the morning of 2 July 1991, a bomb exploded in Batman in the car of seyin
Siddik Tan, shortly after he had driven from home and parked outside his shop.
The first three people named above were injured in the blast and received
treatment in Diyarbakir University Hospital. Hüseyin Siddik Tan underwent an
operation on his eye. The car was totally destroyed.
Hüseyin Siddik Tan is a board member of the Human Rights Association branch
in Batman, which was closed down by the authorities. The branch is appealing
against the closure. He was also the subject of urgent appeals by Amnesty
International in August 1990 (see UA 318/90, EUR 44/122/90, 1 August 1990,
and follow-up EUR 44/127/90, 13 August 1990) when he was held in incommunicado
detention for some 23 days during which he was reportedly subjected to "rough
treatment". He was then charged with giving assistance and shelter to Kurdish
guerrillas and put on trial. The outcome of that trial is not known. The explosion
in his car was the third such incident in two weeks:
In the early hours of 18 June 1991, an explosive device detonated in the
car of Mustafa Özer which was parked in front of his house in Diyarbakir.
According to reports received, the explosion was a very powerful one, leaving
an 80cm crater in the concrete of the road and causing extensive glass damage
in the neighbourhood. Nobody was injured in the blast. People with experience
in the arms industry thought the total destruction of the car looked like the
effect of military explosives. However, the police have informed the Diyarbakir
Prosecutor that they so far have not been able to establish the type of explosive
used. It is not known who planted the device and what the motives behind the
bombing are.
Mustafa Özer is a lawyer and known Human Rights activist. He was for some
time president of Diyarbakir Bar Association and a board member of the Human
Rights Association in Diyarbakir. After the military coup of September 1980
he defended many clients in political trials before military courts.
The second of the three bombings occurred on the night of 25 June 1991:
at midnight an explosion destroyed the Diyarbakir office of the Turkish Human
Rights Association. A man living across the road from the building was injured
in the blast. A wall collapsed and furniture and equipment were badly damaged.
The offices of two political magazines located in the same building were also
damaged. Members' photographs and the association's telephone register are
said to have disappeared from the premises.
Members of the Human Rights Association have received death threats in
the past by letter and telephone.
The Turkish Human Rights Association, founded in 1986, faced considerable
pressure from the authorities from the start. Several of its officials have
been detained and imprisoned and members of the association's regional branches
have been prosecuted for producing campaigning material without government
consent. Leading members have been tried on a variety of charges, most trials
eventually ending in acquittal. Several branches have been closed: the branch
in Batman indefinitely.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters:
- expressing concern at three reported incidents of bomb attacks on the Human
Rights Association in southeast Turkey within 15 days;
- urging that a prompt and thorough investigation is carried out to establish
those responsible for the bombings;
- appealing for all possible steps to be taken to protect members of the Human
Rights Association from further such attacks.
President Turgut Özal
Devlet Ba_kanli_i
06100 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: President Ozal, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 42875 bbk tr
Faxes: (via Press Office) + 90 4 168 5012
Prime Minister Mesut Yilmaz
Office of the Prime Minister
06573 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Prime Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 44061/44062/44063 bbmt tr;
42099 basb tr; 42875 bbk tr
Faxes: + 90 41 17 04 76 PRIME MINISTER;
+ 90 42 30 88 96 (attn: Prime Minister)
Minister of the Interior:
Mr Mustafa Kalemli
Içi_leri Bakanli_i
06644 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 46369 ICSL TR
Faxes: + 90 4 118 1795;
+ 90 4 125 6520 (Ministry of Interior)
President of Parliamentary Human Rights Commission:
Mr Eyüp A_ik
Insan Haklari Ara_tirma Komisyonu Ba_kani
Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: +90 4 11 91 664; +90 4 42 06 941
and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey in your country;
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat
or your section office if sending appeals after 14 August 1991.

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