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Mexico: Further information on Fear for safety for Raúl Gatica (m)

, Index number: AMR 41/010/2002

Police are looking for indigenous rights defender Raúl Gatica, and have threatened to arrest his son. Amnesty International is concerned for their safety, and that of Raúl Gatica's colleagues Reyna Pérez Hernánd, "Ricardo Flores Magón" at the indigenous rights organisation he works for.

PUBLIC AI Index: AMR 41/010/2002
26 February 2002
Further information on UA 21/01 (AMR 41/005/2001, 26 January 2001) - Fear for
safety
MEXICORaúl Gatica (m) indigenous rights defender
Members of the Popular Indigenous Council of Oaxaca “Ricardo Flores Magón”
New names:Reyna Pérez Hernández (f) human rights defender
Reyna Pérez Hernández, a member of the Centro de Apoyo al Movimiento Popular
Oaxaqueño, Support Centre for the Oaxaca Popular Movement and member of the
Consejo Indigena Popular de Oaxaca “Ricardo Flores Magón” (CIPO-RFM), “Ricardo
Flores Magón” Popular Indigenous Council of Oaxaca, has reportedly received
a death threat at her home in Oaxaca. Amnesty is concerned for her safety and
that of her colleagues at CIPO-RFM who were mentioned in the death threat.
According to reports, on 19 February, Reyna Pérez arrived home to find that
her house had been broken into and vandalised. There was a note left for her
in which the following death threats were issued: “we have been watching you,
this is only a warning”.....one way or another we are going to get you” “te
emos estado checando te cres muy madre la primera vez nadamas te isimos una
advertencia....de una o de otra manera te vamos a poner en la madre.”
The death threat also mentioned the CIPO-RFM: “we want the CIPO, but if we
get you then we make sure they get it as well and if you want a kidnapping
lets see how they get you out” Queremos al CIPO tu eres el pero te rompemos
tu madre y ya checamos que el CIPO son unos vividores chinguen a su madre y
si tu quieres un secuestro, a ver que tal se la sacan.
Raúl Gatica, head of the CIPO-RFM recently received death threats prior to
Reyna Pérez. According to reports he received a letter from the municipal
authorities stating that when they next saw him they would bury him alive.
He was previously threatened in January 2001 by the Municipal President of
Tenetze de Zaragoza, of the state governing party, Institutional Revolutionary
Party, (PRI) Partido Revolucionario Institucional. This followed the illegal
detention by the municipal authorities of 46 members and sympathizers of
CIPO-RFM who were tortured in order to force them to sign a community agreement.
Amnesty International wrote to the authorities expressing concern at the case,
calling for the allegations of torture to be investigated and those responsible
to be brought to justice. (See UA 21/01, AMR 41/005/2001, 26 January 2001 and
UA 132/98, AMR 41/23/1998, 24 April 1998).
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Human rights defenders and community activists are frequently the target of
threats and harassment in Oaxaca State. Those responsible are usually never
brought to justice.
Although the Law of Indigenous Customs, Ley de Usos y Costumbres was passed
in Oaxaca state in 1998, indigenous people are often denied their rights in
practice, fueling conflict within communities. At the local level of government,
the ruling PRI is reported to play an important role in protecting those
responsible for human rights violations, allowing perpetrators of to continue
committing human rights violations with impunity.
2
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send appeals to arrive as quickly as
possible, in Spanish or your own language:
- expressing concern for the safety of Reyna Pérez Hernández, Raúl Gatica and
members of the Popular Indigenous Council of Oaxaca “Ricardo Flores Magón”;
- asking the authorities to take the necessary measures to guarantee their
safety;
- urging the authorities to carry out a prompt, impartial and thorough
investigation into the threats received by Reyna Pérez Hernández and Raúl
Gatica. The results of the investigation should be made public, and those
responsible brought to justice;
- reminding the authorities that the Declaration on the Rights and
Responsibilities of Individuals, Groups and Institutions to Promote and Protect
Universally Recognised Human Rights and Fundamental Liberties, approved by
the General Assembly of the United Nations on 9 December 1998, is a clear
recognition of the legitimacy of the activities of human rights defenders and
their right to carry out their activities without any restrictions or fear
of reprisals.
APPEALS TO:
Governor of Oaxaca
Lic. José Murat Casab
Gobernador del Estado de Oaxaca
Palacio de Gobierno
Bustamante s/n, Oaxaca
Oaxaca 68000 MÉXICO
Telegrams: Gobernador del Estado de Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Faxes:
(+52 951) 516 3737
Salutation: Señor Gobernador / Dear Governor
Attorney General of Oaxaca
Lic. Sergio H. Santibañez
Procurador del Estado de Oaxaca
Avenida Luis Echeverría s/n, La Experimental
San Antonio de la Cal, Oaxaca
Oaxaca 71236 MÉXICO
Telegram: Procurador del Estado de Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico
Fax: (+52 951) 511 5519
Salutation:Dear Attorney/ Señor Procurador
Human Rights Commission of Oaxaca
Dr. Sergio Segreste Rios
Presidente de la Comisión de Derechos
Humanos del Estado de Oaxaca
Calle de los Derechos Humanos No. 210
Col. América
68050, Oaxaca, Oax.
MÉXICO
Telegram: Presidente de la Comisión de Derechos, Oaxaca, Mexico
Faxes:(+52 951) 513 5185/ 5197/ 5191 (please ask : "¿me da tono por favor?")
Salutation:Dear Attorney/ Señor Procurador
COPIES TO:
Human Rights Organisation
Red Oaxaqueña de Derechos Humanos (RODH)
Privada la Canterita 114,
3
Col. San Felipe del Agua,
Oaxaca de Juárez, C.P. 68020
MEXICO
Fax: (+52 951) 516 4365 (please ask : "¿me da tono por favor?")
and to diplomatic representatives of MEXICO accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 8 April 2002.

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