In Papua New Guinea, sex workers are beaten, raped, unlawfully detained and killed without recourse to justice. This report shows that acts of violence against sex workers are committed by police officers, clients, and members of sex workers’ families and communities. These crimes are rarely reported or investigated. Sex workers also experience high levels of stigma and discrimination, especially in accessing health care. Gender inequality is a significant factor contributing to the high levels of violence, stigma and discrimination that women, gay and transgender sex workers face.