China: Human rights violations in the name of “national security”: Amnesty International submission for the UN Universal Periodic Review, 31st session of the UPR Working Group, November 2018

In this submission, Amnesty International evaluates the implementation of recommendations previously made to China in its previous UPR. It also assesses the “national security” legal architecture, and the shrinking space for human rights defenders and NGOs. With regard to the human rights situation on the ground, this document looks at the harassment, intimidation, arbitrary detention, criminal prosecution, imprisonment and enforced disappearance of human rights defenders, torture and ill-treatment in detention and unfair trial, restrictions on freedom of expression, transfers from other jurisdictions to China, discrimination against ethnic minorities, and the impact of business on human rights.

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